Inspection times, the change task, and the rapid-response selection task.

Journal article


Roberts, M.J. and Newton, E.J. (2001). Inspection times, the change task, and the rapid-response selection task. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 54A, pp. 1031-1048. https://doi.org/10.1080/02724980143000082
AuthorsRoberts, M.J. and Newton, E.J.
Abstract

Three experiments are reported, which are based upon the Wason four-card selection task inspection time paradigm, in which subjects solve computer-presented trials while using a mouse to indicate the card currently under consideration. Evans (1996) had shown that selected cards were inspected for longer than non-selected cards, and this was taken as support for the existence of pre-conscious heuristic processes that direct attention towards relevant aspects of a problem. However, Roberts (1998b) suggested that this inspection time effect is artefactual, due to task format induced biases. Experiment 1 utilized a “change” task: Cards were presented either as selected or not selected, and subjects changed these where necessary. This demonstrated an association between card selection and inspection time independently of one between the act of response and inspection time. Experiment 2 utilized a standard selection task, but subjects either responded within 2 s of each card presentation, or made selections with no time pressure. The curtailment of thinking time increased matching behaviour—more cards matching the terms in the rules were selected—and was replicated in Experiment 3 using a within-subjects design. Overall, the data support Evans’ heuristic-analytic framework albeit with some caveats.

Year2001
JournalQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
Journal citation54A, pp. 1031-1048
PublisherThe Experimental Psychology Society
ISSN 1464-0740
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/02724980143000082
Publication dates
PrintNov 2001
Publication process dates
Deposited12 Sep 2023
Accepted author manuscript
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All rights reserved
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