TRANSCUTANEOUS ELECTRICAL ACUPOINT STIMULATION IMPROVES THE OUTCOMES OF IN VITRO FERTILIZATION: A PROSPECTIVE, RANDOMIZED AND CONTROLLED STUDY
Qu, F, Wang, F-F, Wu, Y, Zhou, J, Robinson, N, Hardiman, P, Pan, J-X, He, Y-J, Zhu, Y-H, Wang, H-Z, Ye, X-Q, He, K-L, Cui, L, Zhao, H-L and Ye, Y-H (2017). TRANSCUTANEOUS ELECTRICAL ACUPOINT STIMULATION IMPROVES THE OUTCOMES OF IN VITRO FERTILIZATION: A PROSPECTIVE, RANDOMIZED AND CONTROLLED STUDY. Explore: The Journal of Science & Healing.
|Authors||Qu, F, Wang, F-F, Wu, Y, Zhou, J, Robinson, N, Hardiman, P, Pan, J-X, He, Y-J, Zhu, Y-H, Wang, H-Z, Ye, X-Q, He, K-L, Cui, L, Zhao, H-L and Ye, Y-H|
Objectives To explore whether transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) can improve the outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Design A prospective, randomized and controlled study. Setting IVF center in a university hospital. Participants Four hundred and eighty-one infertile patients with bilateral tubal blockage who were referred for IVF. Patients were randomized into four groups. Intervention TEAS was administered for 30 min, respectively at 24 h before TVOR and 2 h before ET. The acupoints included SP10 (Xuehai, bilateral), SP8 (Diji, bilateral), LR3 (Taichong, bilateral), ST36 (Zusanli, bilateral), EX-CA1 (Zigong, bilateral), RN4 (Guanyuan), PC6 (Neiguan, bilateral) and RN12 (Zhongwan). Based on different frequencies of TEAS, patients were grouped into a TEAS-2 Hz group, a TEAS-100 Hz group and a TEAS-2/100 Hz group. Patients in the control group only received routine IVF treatment and no TEAS were applied on them. Primary and secondary outcome measures The number of mature oocytes, normally fertilized oocytes and good-quality embryos were used to evaluate oocyte developmental competence of the patients. Data of clinical pregnancy rate (CPR), implantation rate (IR) and live birth rate (LBR) were also obtained. The levels of neuropeptide Y (NPY), transforming growth factor alpha and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in the follicular fluids were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results No significant differences were found between the control, TEAS-2 Hz, TEAS-100 Hz and TEAS-2/100 Hz groups on the numbers of metaphase II oocytes, normally fertilized zygotes, early cleavage embryos or good quality embryos (P>0.05). However, the CPR, IR and LBR of the TEAS-2/100 Hz group were significantly higher than those of the other groups, respectively (P<0.05). The NPY levels in the follicular fluids of TEAS-2/100 Hz group were significantly higher than those of the other groups (P<0.05). Conclusion TEAS using a frequency of 2/100 Hz could help to improve the IVF outcomes partly by increasing NPY levels in the follicular fluids.
|Keywords||Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS; in vitro fertilization (IVF); clinical pregnancy rate (CPR); implantation rate (IR); live birth rate (LBR).; 11 Medical And Health Sciences; Complementary & Alternative Medicine|
|Journal||Explore: The Journal of Science & Healing|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1016/j.explore.2017.06.004|
|30 Jun 2017|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||03 Jul 2017|
|Accepted||04 Jun 2017|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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