A metacognitive model of self-esteem
Kolubinski, D, Nikčević, A V, Marino, C and Spada, MM (2019). A metacognitive model of self-esteem. Journal of Affective Disorders.
|Authors||Kolubinski, D, Nikčević, A V, Marino, C and Spada, MM|
Background: In the current study, we aimed to test a metacognitive model of self-esteem grounded in the Self-Regulatory Executive Function model of psychopathology. Method: A convenience sample of 346 community participants were recruited and completed a battery of online questionnaires that measured self-esteem, self-criticism, self-critical rumination, metacognitions about self-critical rumination, generic metacognitions and negative affect. Initially, we tested a series of hypotheses to establish the relationships between the study variables. We then examined whether self-critical rumination, and its associated metacognitions, both positive and negative, would independently predict self-esteem when controlling for age, negative affect, levels of self-criticism and generic metacognitions. Results: Self-critical rumination and its associated negative metacognitions, levels of depression and self-criticism independently predicted self-esteem. Additionally, a path analysis revealed that the study data was a very good fit to the proposed metacognitive model of self-esteem. Conclusion: The metacognitive model of self-esteem presented in this paper may be used to generate novel interventions to improve self-esteem and decrease self-critical rumination.
|Journal||Journal of Affective Disorders|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1016/j.jad.2019.05.050|
|27 Jun 2019|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||29 May 2019|
|Accepted||27 May 2019|
|Accepted author manuscript|
CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Accepted author manuscript
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