The effects of self-critical rumination on shame and stress
Milia, C, Kolubinski, D and Spada, M (2020). The effects of self-critical rumination on shame and stress. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy.
|Authors||Milia, C, Kolubinski, D and Spada, M|
Background: Self-critical rumination is the process of repetitively thinking about one’s past instances of failure without actively problem-solving. Shame has a central role within self-critical rumination and is accompanied by physiological changes that resemble stress responses. Aims: To experimentally investigate the effects of self-critical rumination on shame and stress following perceived failure. Methods: Sixty volunteers engaged in an impossible task that resulted in guaranteed failure. Four groups, combining presence or absence of induced self-critical rumination with high or low performance expectations, were created. Self-reports were used to measure levels of shame and stress at baseline immediately after the task, as well as following debrief on the real purpose of the study. Results: Participants experiencing self-critical rumination accompanied by high performance expectations reported higher levels of shame and stress, especially immediately following the impossible task. On average, members of the high-expectations groups tended to score higher in shame and stress scales. Also, reported levels of trait self-critical rumination were significantly correlated with levels of shame and stress across time when controlling for group membership and baseline stress and shame respectively. Conclusions: Self-critical rumination in highly evaluative circumstances increased levels of shame and stress following perceived failure. Even though highly evaluative conditions are considered a particularly strong predictor of shame and stress, they could potentially result in self-critical rumination; yet this matter needs to be addressed in future research.
This is the accepted manuscript https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/behavioural-and-cognitive-ps...
|Keywords||Self-critical rumination; shame; stress; negative self-evaluation|
|Journal||Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy|
|Publisher||Cambridge University Press (CUP)|
|30 Sep 2020|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||08 Aug 2020|
|Deposited||12 Aug 2020|
|Accepted author manuscript|
Milia, C., Kolubinski, D. & Spada, M. M. The effects of self-critical rumination on shame and stress.docx
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