Self-critical rumination and associated metacognitions as mediators of the relationship between perfectionism and self-esteem
Monica, F., Marino, C., Spada, M. and Kolubinski, D. (2021). Self-critical rumination and associated metacognitions as mediators of the relationship between perfectionism and self-esteem. Journal of Rational - Emotive and Cognitive - Behavior Therapy.
|Authors||Monica, F., Marino, C., Spada, M. and Kolubinski, D.|
Background: Past research has shown that perfectionism, can negatively impact self-esteem. However, the mediating factors that explain this relationship remain unclear. The current study aimed to investigate whether specific cognitive processes, namely, self-critical rumination and associated metacognitions, mediate this relationship. Method: An opportunity sample of 347 participants completed a battery of online questionnaires measuring clinical perfectionism, self-critical rumination, metacognitions about self-critical rumination, self-esteem, and levels of psychological distress. Several hypotheses were tested to examine the associations between the study variables. Following this, a path analysis was used to determine whether the influence of perfectionistic concerns and perfectionistic striving on self-esteem is mediated by positive metacognitions about self-critical rumination, self-critical rumination, and negative metacognitions about self-critical rumination, serially. Results: Positive metacognitions about self-critical rumination, self-critical rumination, and negative metacognitions about self-critical rumination partially mediated the relationship between perfectionistic concerns and self-esteem and fully mediated the relationship between perfectionistic striving and self-esteem. Conclusion: These results point towards possible interventions for those who struggle with low self-esteem due to their perfectionistic tendencies. Further investigations should explore additional factors that help to explain why perfectionism impacts self-esteem levels, whilst also addressing the limitations of this current research.
|Keywords||metacognition; self-critical rumination; perfectionism|
|Journal||Journal of Rational - Emotive and Cognitive - Behavior Therapy|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||24 May 2021|
|Deposited||25 May 2021|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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