The Effect of State and Trait Self-Critical Rumination on Acute Distress: An Exploratory Experimental Investigation

Journal article


Kolubinski, D.C., Nikčević, A.V. and Spada, M.M. (2020). The Effect of State and Trait Self-Critical Rumination on Acute Distress: An Exploratory Experimental Investigation. Journal of Rational - Emotive and Cognitive - Behavior Therapy. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10942-020-00370-3
AuthorsKolubinski, D.C., Nikčević, A.V. and Spada, M.M.
Abstract

Self-critical rumination is a process whereby individuals focus attention on past failures and inadequacies without consideration for improvement or problem-solving. Past research has demonstrated that self-critical rumination is a separate process from the experience of having intrusive self-critical thoughts and that engaging in self-critical rumination is strongly correlated with beliefs that it is uncontrollable or represents a weakness of character. What is less clear at this time, however, is the impact that self-critical rumination has on levels of distress when faced with failure. Thirty volunteers who were not experiencing significant levels of depression were randomly assigned across three groups: one rumination and two controls. Acute distress was measured prior to and immediately following a task, as well as upon debrief. Individuals expected to complete an impossible task, who experienced simulated self-critical rumination experienced greater levels of acute distress than controls immediately following the task. There was also a significant correlation between reported levels of trait self-critical rumination, negative metacognitive beliefs and self-esteem with levels of distress following debrief when controlling for initial levels of distress and group membership. The use of subjective self-reports and small sample size limits the findings of this exploratory study. Engaging in self-critical rumination, and associated negative metacognitive beliefs, may have a significant impact on levels of acute distress following a recent failure.

Year2020
JournalJournal of Rational - Emotive and Cognitive - Behavior Therapy
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
ISSN0894-9085
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s10942-020-00370-3
Publication dates
Online07 Oct 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted16 Sep 2020
Deposited12 Oct 2020
Accepted author manuscript
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Controlled
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
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