Allometric Scaling Reveals Evolutionary Constraint on Odonata Wing Cellularity via Critical Crack Length

Journal article


Eshghi, S., Rajabi Jorshari, H., Shafaghi, S., Nabati, F., Nazerian, S., Darvizeh, A. and Gorb, S. (2024). Allometric Scaling Reveals Evolutionary Constraint on Odonata Wing Cellularity via Critical Crack Length. Advanced Science. https://doi.org/10.1002/advs.202400844
AuthorsEshghi, S., Rajabi Jorshari, H., Shafaghi, S., Nabati, F., Nazerian, S., Darvizeh, A. and Gorb, S.
AbstractScaling in insect wings is a complex phenomenon that seems pivotal in maintaining wing functionality. In this study, the relationship between wing size and the size, location, and shape of wing cells in dragonflies and damselflies (Odonata) is investigated, aiming to address the question of how these factors are interconnected. To this end, WingGram, the recently developed computer‐vision‐based software, is used to extract the geometric features of wing cells of 389 dragonflies and damselfly wings from 197 species and 16 families. It has been found that the cell length of the wings does not depend on the wing size. Despite the wide variation in wing length (8.42 to 56.5 mm) and cell length (0.1 to 8.5 mm), over 80% of the cells had a length ranging from 0.5 to 1.5 mm, which was previously identified as the critical crack length of the membrane of locust wings. An isometric scaling of cells is also observed with maximum size in each wing, which increased as the size increased. Smaller cells tended to be more circular than larger cells. The results have implications for bio‐mimetics, inspiring new materials and designs for artificial wings with potential applications in aerospace engineering and robotics.
KeywordsGeneral Physics and Astronomy; General Engineering; Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous); General Materials Science; General Chemical Engineering; Medicine (miscellaneous)
Year2024
JournalAdvanced Science
PublisherWiley
ISSN2198-3844
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1002/advs.202400844
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1002/advs.202400844
Publication dates
Online13 Apr 2024
Online13 Apr 2024
Publication process dates
Deposited03 May 2024
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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