The frequency of wing damage in a migrating butterfly

Journal article


Korkmaz, R., Rajabi, H., Eshghi, S., Gorb, S.N. and Büscher, T. (2022). The frequency of wing damage in a migrating butterfly. Insect Science. https://doi.org/10.1111/1744-7917.13153
AuthorsKorkmaz, R., Rajabi, H., Eshghi, S., Gorb, S.N. and Büscher, T.
Abstract

The ability to fly is crucial for migratory insects. Consequently, the accumulation of damage on the wings over time can affect survival, especially for species that travel long distances. We examined the frequency of irreversible wing damage in the migratory butterfly Vanessa cardui to explore the effect of wing structure on wing damage frequency, as well as the mechanisms that might mitigate wing damage. An exceptionally high migration rate driven by high precipitation levels in their larval habitats in the winter of 2018–2019 provided us with an excellent opportunity to collect data on the frequency of naturally occurring wing damage associated with long-distance flights. Digital images of 135 individuals of V. cardui were collected and analyzed in Germany. The results show that the hindwings experienced a greater frequency of damage than the forewings. Moreover, forewings experienced more severe damage on the lateral margin, whereas hindwings experienced more damage on the trailing margin. The frequency of wing margin damage was higher in the painted lady butterfly than in the migrating monarch butterfly and in the butterfly Pontia occidentalis following artificially induced wing collisions. The results of this study could be used in future comparative studies of patterns of wing damage in butterflies and other insects. Additional studies are needed to clarify whether the strategies for coping with wing damage differ between migratory and non-migratory species.

KeywordsInsect Science; General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; Agronomy and Crop Science; Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Year2022
JournalInsect Science
PublisherWiley
ISSN1672-9609
1744-7917
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/1744-7917.13153
Publication dates
Online26 Nov 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted13 Nov 2022
Deposited24 Jan 2023
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Controlled
Licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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