An insect-inspired asymmetric hinge in a double-layer membrane

Journal article


Rajabi, H., Eraghi, S.H., Khaheshi, A., Toofani, A., Hunt, C. and Wootton, R.J. (2022). An insect-inspired asymmetric hinge in a double-layer membrane. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 119 (45), p. e2211861119. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2211861119
AuthorsRajabi, H., Eraghi, S.H., Khaheshi, A., Toofani, A., Hunt, C. and Wootton, R.J.
Abstract

Insect wings are deformable aerofoils, in which deformations are mostly achieved by complicated interactions between their structural components. Due to the complexity of the wing design and technical challenges associated with testing the delicate wings, we know little about the properties of their components and how they determine wing response to flight forces. Here we report a novel, previously undescribed structure from the hind wing membrane of the beetle Pachnoda marginata. The structure, a transverse section of the claval flexion line, consists of two distinguishable layers: a bell-shaped upper layer and a straight lower layer. Our computational simulations showed that this is an effective one-way hinge, which is stiff in tension and upward bending but flexible in compression and downward bending. By systematically varying its design parameters in a computational model, we showed that the properties of the double-layer membrane hinge can be tuned over a wide range. This enabled us to develop a broad design space, which we later used for model selection. We used selected models in three distinct applications, which proved that the double-layer hinge represents a simple, yet effective design strategy for controlling the mechanical response of structures using a single material and with no extra mass. The insect-inspired one-way hinge is particularly useful for developing structures with asymmetric behaviour, exhibiting different responses to the same load in two opposite directions. This multidisciplinary study not only advances our understanding of the biomechanics of complicated insect wings, but also informs the design of easily tuneable engineering hinges.

Keywordswing; flight; flexion line; compliant joint; shape morphing; adaptive system; mechanical intelligence
Year2022
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Journal citation119 (45), p. e2211861119
PublisherNational Academy of Sciences
ISSN1091-6490
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2211861119
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2211861119
Publication dates
Online08 Nov 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted30 Sep 2022
Deposited09 Nov 2022
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/92758

Restricted files

Accepted author manuscript

  • 29
    total views
  • 1
    total downloads
  • 3
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Versatile Like a Seahorse Tail: A Bio-Inspired Programmable Continuum Robot For Conformal Grasping
Zhang, J., Hu, Y., Li, Y., Ma, K., Wei, Y., Yang, J., Wu, Z., Rajabi Jorshari, H., Peng, H. and Wu, J. (2022). Versatile Like a Seahorse Tail: A Bio-Inspired Programmable Continuum Robot For Conformal Grasping. Advanced Intelligent Systems. p. 2200263. https://doi.org/10.1002/aisy.202200263
Mechanical Intelligence (MI): A Bioinspired Concept for Transforming Engineering Design
Khaheshi Hasankiadeh, A. and Rajabi Jorshari, H. (2022). Mechanical Intelligence (MI): A Bioinspired Concept for Transforming Engineering Design. Advanced Science. https://doi.org/10.1002/advs.202203783
Conflicting requirements for transparency and mechanical stability in the compound eyes of desert locusts
Li, C., Rajabi, H. and Gorb, S. (2022). Conflicting requirements for transparency and mechanical stability in the compound eyes of desert locusts. Advanced Materials Interfaces. 2200766. https://doi.org/10.1002/admi.202200766
An image based application in Matlab for automated modelling and morphological analysis of insect wings
Eshghi, S., Nabati, Shafaghi, S., Nooraeefar, V., Darvizeh, A., Gorb, S. and Rajabi, H. (2022). An image based application in Matlab for automated modelling and morphological analysis of insect wings. Scientific Reports. 12, p. 13917. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-17859-9
Effect of sample treatment on the elastic modulus of locust cuticle obtained by nanoindentation
Li, C., Gorb, S. and Rajabi, H. (2022). Effect of sample treatment on the elastic modulus of locust cuticle obtained by nanoindentation. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology. 13, p. 404–410. https://doi.org/10.3762/bjnano.13.33
The damping properties of the foam‑filled shaft of primary feathers of the pigeon Columba livia
Rajabi, H., Deng, K., Kovalev, A., Schaber, C., Dai, Z. D. and Gorb, S. (2022). The damping properties of the foam‑filled shaft of primary feathers of the pigeon Columba livia. The Science of Nature Naturwissenschaften. 109 (1). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00114-021-01773-7
Fin Ray Crossbeam Angles for Efficient Foot Design for Energy‐Efficient Robot Locomotion
Manoonpong, P., Rajabi, Hamed, Larsen, Jørgen C., Raoufi, Seyed S., Asawalertsak, Naris, Homchanthanakul, J., Tramsen, Halvor T., Darvizeh, Abolfazl and Gorb, S. (2021). Fin Ray Crossbeam Angles for Efficient Foot Design for Energy‐Efficient Robot Locomotion. Advanced Intelligent Systems. p. 2100133. https://doi.org/10.1002/aisy.202100133
Wing Coupling in Bees and Wasps: From the Underlying Science to Bioinspired Engineering
Eraghi, S., Toofani, A., Khaheshi, A., Khorsandi, M., Darvizeh, A., Gorb, S. and Rajabi Jorshari, H. (2021). Wing Coupling in Bees and Wasps: From the Underlying Science to Bioinspired Engineering. Advanced Science. 8 (16), p. 2004383. https://doi.org/10.1002/advs.202004383
Excavation mechanics of the elongated female rostrum of the acorn weevil Curculio glandium (Coleoptera; Curculionidae)
Matsumura, Y., Jafarpour, M., Reut, M., Shams Moattar, M., Darvizeh, A., Gorb, S. and Rajabi Jorshari, H. (2021). Excavation mechanics of the elongated female rostrum of the acorn weevil Curculio glandium (Coleoptera; Curculionidae). Applied Physics A. 127 (348). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-021-04353-8
Spiky-joint: a bioinspired solution to combine mobility and support
Ali Khaheshi, Stanislav N. Gorb and Rajabi Jorshari, H. (2021). Spiky-joint: a bioinspired solution to combine mobility and support. Applied Physics A. 127 (181). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-021-04310-5
Triple Stiffness: A Bioinspired Strategy to Combine Load‐Bearing, Durability, and Impact‐Resistance
Ali Khaheshi, Stanislav Gorb and Rajabi Jorshari, H. (2021). Triple Stiffness: A Bioinspired Strategy to Combine Load‐Bearing, Durability, and Impact‐Resistance. Advanced Science. 8 (11), p. 2004338. https://doi.org/10.1002/advs.202004338
Insects: Functional Morphology, Biomechanics and Biomimetics
Rajabi, H., Wu, J. and Gorb, S. (2021). Insects: Functional Morphology, Biomechanics and Biomimetics. Insects. 12 (12), p. 1108. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12121108
Biomechanical strategies to reach a compromise between stiffness and flexibility in hind femora of desert locusts
Li. C., Gorb, S. and Rajabi, H. (2021). Biomechanical strategies to reach a compromise between stiffness and flexibility in hind femora of desert locusts. Acta Biomaterialia. 134, pp. 490-498. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2021.07.030
Elytra coupling of the ladybird Coccinella septempunctata functions as an energy absorber in intentional falls
Rajabi, H., Zhang, J., Yuan, Q., Jiang, Y., Pang, H., Wu, Z. and Wu, J. (2021). Elytra coupling of the ladybird Coccinella septempunctata functions as an energy absorber in intentional falls. Bioinspiration & biomimetics. 16, p. 056018. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-3190/ac1cef
The damping and structural properties of dragonfly and damselfly wings during dynamic movement
Lietz, C., Schaber, C.F., Gorb, S.N. and Hamed, R. (2021). The damping and structural properties of dragonfly and damselfly wings during dynamic movement. Communications biology. 4, p. 737. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-021-02263-2
Double-rowed teeth: design specialization of the H. venator ants for enhanced tribological stability
Zhang, W., Wu, Z., Wang, Z., Wang, Z., Li, C., Rajabi, H. and Wu, J. (2021). Double-rowed teeth: design specialization of the H. venator ants for enhanced tribological stability. Bioinspiration & biomimetics. 16 (5), p. 055003. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-3190/ac124a
Sperm transfer through hyper-elongated beetle penises – morphology and theoretical approaches
Yoko Matsumura, Jan Michels, Rajabi Jorshari, H., Tateo Shimozawa and Stanislav N. Gorb (2019). Sperm transfer through hyper-elongated beetle penises – morphology and theoretical approaches. Scientific Reports. 9, p. 10238. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-46211-x
The probability of the wing damage in the dragonfly Sympetrum vulgatum (Anisoptera: Libellulidae): a field study
Rajabi Jorshari, H., Schroeter, V., Eshghi, S. and Gorb, S. (2017). The probability of the wing damage in the dragonfly Sympetrum vulgatum (Anisoptera: Libellulidae): a field study. Biology Open. 6 (9), pp. 1290-1293. https://doi.org/10.1242/bio.027078
Resilin microjoints: A smart design strategy to avoid failure in dragonfly wings
Rajabi Jorshari, H., Shafiei, A., Darvizeh, A. and Gorb, S.N. (2016). Resilin microjoints: A smart design strategy to avoid failure in dragonfly wings. Scientific Reports. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep39039
Effect of microstructure on the mechanical and damping behaviour of dragonfly wing veins
Rajabi Jorshari, H., Shafiei, A., Darvizeh, A., Dirks, J.-H., Appel, E. and Gorb, S.N. (2016). Effect of microstructure on the mechanical and damping behaviour of dragonfly wing veins. Royal Society Open Science. 3 (2). https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.160006
Basal complex and basal venation of Odonata wings: Structural diversity and potential role in the wing deformation
Rajabi Jorshari, H., Ghoroubi, N., Malaki, M., Darvizeh, A. and Gorb, S.N. (2016). Basal complex and basal venation of Odonata wings: Structural diversity and potential role in the wing deformation. PLoS ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160610