To achieve and to conform: Motivational values predict social comparison orientation

Journal article


Aldrovandi, S., Dhillon, J. and Rentzelas, P. (2021). To achieve and to conform: Motivational values predict social comparison orientation. Personality and Individual Differences. 182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.111083
AuthorsAldrovandi, S., Dhillon, J. and Rentzelas, P.
Abstract

As personal motivational values have been shown to associate with personality traits, we explore whether they
also predict social comparison orientation (SCO), the proclivity to compare with other people in order to inform
self-evaluation judgements. Participants completed the Portrait Values Questionnaire (Schwartz et al., 2001) to
measure personal values and INCOM (Gibbons & Buunk, 1999) to assess SCO. Bayesian analyses revealed that
the personal values of achievement and conformity strongly predicted SCO. The association between SCO and
three other personal values—power, universalism, and benevolence—were mediated by achievement. The
findings suggest that the tendency to compare to others is determined by very two different motivational values,
gaining personal success through demonstrating competence according to social standards and exercising behaviours and attitudes that adhere to social norms

KeywordsSocial comparisons; Motivational values; Achievement; Conformity; Power
Year2021
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Journal citation182
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1873-3549
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.111083
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.111083
Publication dates
Print01 Jul 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted19 Jun 2021
Deposited20 Nov 2023
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
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