Reconstructing the recent visual past: Hierarchical knowledge-based effects in visual working memory

Journal article


Poirier, M., Heussen, D., Aldrovandi, S., Daniel, L., Saiyara, T. and Hampton, J. A. (2017). Reconstructing the recent visual past: Hierarchical knowledge-based effects in visual working memory. Psychonomic bulletin & review. 24, pp. 1889-1899. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-017-1277-9
AuthorsPoirier, M., Heussen, D., Aldrovandi, S., Daniel, L., Saiyara, T. and Hampton, J. A.
Abstract

This paper presents two experiments that examine the influence of multiple levels of knowledge on visual working memory (VWM). Experiment 1 focused on memory for faces. Faces were selected from continua that were constructed by morphing two face photographs in 100 steps; half of the continua morphed a famous face into an unfamiliar one, while the other half used two unfamiliar faces. Participants studied six sequentially presented faces each from a different continuum, and at test they had to locate one of these within its continuum. Experiment 2 examined immediate memory for object sizes. On each trial, six images were shown; these were either all vegetables or all random shapes. Immediately after each list, one item was presented again, in a new random size, and participants reproduced its studied size. Results suggested that two levels of knowledge influenced VWM. First, there was an overall central-tendency bias whereby items were remembered as being closer to the overall average or central tokens (averaged across items and trials) than they actually were. Second, when object knowledge was available for the to-be-remembered items (i.e., famous face or typical size of a vegetable) a further bias was introduced in responses.

Year2017
JournalPsychonomic bulletin & review
Journal citation24, pp. 1889-1899
PublisherSpringer
ISSN1531-5320
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-017-1277-9
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.3758/s13423-017-1277-9
Publication dates
Print06 Apr 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited21 Nov 2023
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Controlled
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/9597x

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