Registered Replication Report: Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998)

Journal article


O'Donnell, M, Nelson, L.D, Ackermann, E, Aczel, B., Akhtar, A., Aldrovandi, S., Alshaif, N., Andringa, R., Aveyard, M, Babincak, P., Balatekin, N, Baldwin, S.A., Banik,G., Bell, R., Białobrzeska, O, Birt, A.R., Boot, W.R, Braithwaite, S.R., Briggs, J.C., Buchner, A, Budd, D., Budzik, K., Bullens, L., Bulley, R.L., Cannon, P.R., Cantarero, K., Cesario, J., Chambers, S., Chartier, C.R., Chekroun, P., Chong, C., Cleeremans, A., Coary, S.P., Coulthard, J., Cramwincke, F.M., Denson, T., Díaz-Lago, M, DiDonato, T.E, Drummond, A, Eberlen, J, Ebersbach, T., Edlund, J.E., Finnigan, K.M, Fisher, J, Frankowska, N., García-Sánchez, E, Golom, F.D., Graves, A.J, Greenberg, K, Hanioti, M., Hansen, H.A., Harder, J.A, Harrell, E.R., Hartanto, A, Inzlicht, M., Johnson, D.J., Karpinski, A, Keller, V.N, Klein, O., Koppel, L. and et al. Registered Replication Report: Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998). Perspectives on Psychological Science. 13 (2), pp. 268-294. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691618755704
AuthorsO'Donnell, M, Nelson, L.D, Ackermann, E, Aczel, B., Akhtar, A., Aldrovandi, S., Alshaif, N., Andringa, R., Aveyard, M, Babincak, P., Balatekin, N, Baldwin, S.A., Banik,G., Bell, R., Białobrzeska, O, Birt, A.R., Boot, W.R, Braithwaite, S.R., Briggs, J.C., Buchner, A, Budd, D., Budzik, K., Bullens, L., Bulley, R.L., Cannon, P.R., Cantarero, K., Cesario, J., Chambers, S., Chartier, C.R., Chekroun, P., Chong, C., Cleeremans, A., Coary, S.P., Coulthard, J., Cramwincke, F.M., Denson, T., Díaz-Lago, M, DiDonato, T.E, Drummond, A, Eberlen, J, Ebersbach, T., Edlund, J.E., Finnigan, K.M, Fisher, J, Frankowska, N., García-Sánchez, E, Golom, F.D., Graves, A.J, Greenberg, K, Hanioti, M., Hansen, H.A., Harder, J.A, Harrell, E.R., Hartanto, A, Inzlicht, M., Johnson, D.J., Karpinski, A, Keller, V.N, Klein, O., Koppel, L. and et al.
Abstract

Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998) reported that participants primed with a category associated with intelligence ("professor") subsequently performed 13% better on a trivia test than participants primed with a category associated with a lack of intelligence ("soccer hooligans"). In two unpublished replications of this study designed to verify the appropriate testing procedures, Dijksterhuis, van Knippenberg, and Holland observed a smaller difference between conditions (2%-3%) as well as a gender difference: Men showed the effect (9.3% and 7.6%), but women did not (0.3% and -0.3%). The procedure used in those replications served as the basis for this multilab Registered Replication Report. A total of 40 laboratories collected data for this project, and 23 of these laboratories met all inclusion criteria. Here we report the meta-analytic results for those 23 direct replications (total N = 4,493), which tested whether performance on a 30-item general-knowledge trivia task differed between these two priming conditions (results of supplementary analyses of the data from all 40 labs, N = 6,454, are also reported). We observed no overall difference in trivia performance between participants primed with the "professor" category and those primed with the "hooligan" category (0.14%) and no moderation by gender.

Keywordsintelligence; priming; replication
JournalPerspectives on Psychological Science
Journal citation13 (2), pp. 268-294
PublisherSage
ISSN 1745-6924
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691618755704
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691618755704
Publication dates
Print21 Feb 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted13 Nov 2017
Deposited04 Mar 2024
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