An effect of semantic memory on immediate memory in the visual domain

Conference paper


Heussen, D., Poirier, M., Hampton, J. A. and Aldrovandi, S. (2011). An effect of semantic memory on immediate memory in the visual domain.
AuthorsHeussen, D., Poirier, M., Hampton, J. A. and Aldrovandi, S.
TypeConference paper
Abstract

The present study extends the findings of Hemmer and
Steyvers (2009a) by investigating the influence of semantic
memory on short-term visual memory. In an experiment we
tested how prior knowledge moderates serial position effects,
using familiar (vegetables) and non-familiar stimuli (random
shapes). Participants (Ps) saw lists of six images; each list
held images of vegetables or random shapes. Immediately
after list presentation, one of the items was presented again, in a new, randomly determined size. Ps were asked to resize the image so that it was as close as possible to the size of the just presented item. Results showed that, for the familiar items (vegetables), memory for the item’s size was supported by prior knowledge of the normal size of the objects; this was not the case for the random shapes. Moreover, there was a stronger serial position effect for random shapes than vegetables suggesting that for the serial positions where memory is typically lowest, the serial position effect was moderated through the support from long-term knowledge.

Year2011
JournalProceedings of the European Conference on Cognitive Science
Web address (URL)https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/An-effect-of-semantic-memory-on-immediate-memory-in/eb65341f00cc6786788dba9db0c09c65ba1a3b28
Accepted author manuscript
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Open
Publication dates
Print01 Jan 2011
Publication process dates
Accepted2011
Deposited21 Nov 2023
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