Identifying consistent biomechanical parameters across rising-to-walk subtasks to inform rehabilitation in practice: A systematic literature review

Journal article


Jones, GD, Jones, GL, James, DC, Thacker, M and Green, DA (2021). Identifying consistent biomechanical parameters across rising-to-walk subtasks to inform rehabilitation in practice: A systematic literature review. Gait and Posture. 83, pp. 67-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2020.10.001
AuthorsJones, GD, Jones, GL, James, DC, Thacker, M and Green, DA
Abstract

© 2020 Elsevier B.V. Background: :The best approach to rehabilitate the control of everyday whole-body movement (e.g. rise-to-walk) after pathology remains unclear in part because the associated controlled performance variables are not known. Rise-to-walk can be performed fluidly (sit-to-walk) or non-fluidly (sit-to-stand, proceeded by gait-initiation). Biomechanical variables that remain consistent in health regardless of how rise-to walk is performed represent controlled performance variable candidates which could monitor rehabilitative change. Research Question: :To determine if any biomechanical parameters remain consistent across rising-to-walk (RTW) subtasks (sit-to-stand, gait-initiation, and sit-to-walk) in healthy adults for purposes of movement control assessment in clinical practice. Methods: :Data sources included Medline, Cinahl, and Scopus databases, and the grey literature. Study selection was based on eligibility criteria and must have reported spatiotemporal, kinematic and/or kinetic biomechanical parameters featuring >1 RTW subtask. Data extraction and synthesis; standardised-mean-differences (SMDs) were calculated (pooled if replicated in >1 study) for each parameter. Consistency was determined if SMD95 %CIs included the zero-effect line. Results: :Nine studies (n = 99) were included (40 ± 7.5yrs). Seven parameters were replicated in >1 study and subjected to meta-analysis (fixed-effect model). Two were consistent between sit-to-stand and sit-to-walk: flexion-momentum time (M(95 %CI) = 0.055(-0.423 to 0.533); p = 0.823) and peak whole-body-centre-of-mass vertical velocity (M(95 %CI)= -0.415(-0.898 to 0.069); p = 0.093); and centre-of-pressure to whole-body-centre-of-mass distance at toe-off (M(95 %CI)= -0.137(-0.712 to 0.439); p = 0.642) between gait-initiation and sit-to-walk. Another 20 parameters were consistent based on single-study SMDs. Significance: :Consistent parameters might exist across RTW subtasks. However, the evidence is based on few studies with small samples and variable RTW protocols. Future studies designed to confirm consistency using a standardised RTW protocol are needed.

Year2021
JournalGait and Posture
Journal citation83, pp. 67-82
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN0966-6362
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2020.10.001
Publication dates
Print01 Jan 2021
Online05 Oct 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted02 Oct 2020
Deposited03 Nov 2020
Accepted author manuscript
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Open
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