Ventilator-associated pneumonia and suction: a review of the literature.

Journal article


Letchford, E and Bench, S (2018). Ventilator-associated pneumonia and suction: a review of the literature. British Journal of Nursing. 27 (1), pp. 13-18.
AuthorsLetchford, E and Bench, S
Abstract

AIM: to identify the most effective suctioning technique for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia. BACKGROUND: ventilator-associated pneumonia is an important hospital-acquired infection associated with increased mortality and morbidity. METHOD: a rapid review included an electronic database search of articles published between January 2009 and March 2016. The quality of the seven included studies was appraised and data were subjected to tabular and narrative syntheses. RESULTS: closed suction systems have no clear advantage over open suction, but may better prevent late-onset ventilator-associated pneumonia. Subglottic secretion drainage reduces ventilator-associated pneumonia incidence. CONCLUSION: open versus closed suction combined with subglottic secretion drainage requires ongoing research. Alongside this, policy guidance, education, behavioural and managerial strategies must be implemented.

KeywordsCritical care; Infection prevention and control; Intubation; Pneumonia, ventilator-associated; Respiration, artificial; Suction; 1110 Nursing
Year2018
JournalBritish Journal of Nursing
Journal citation27 (1), pp. 13-18
PublisherLondon South Bank University
ISSN0966-0461
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.12968/bjon.2018.27.1.13
Publication dates
Print11 Jan 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited28 Mar 2018
Accepted11 Dec 2017
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY 4.0
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/86w38

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