UWB Device for Breast Microwave Imaging: Phantom and Clinical Validations
Vispa, A, Sani, L, Paoli, M, Bigotti, A, Raspa, G, Ghavami, N, Caschera, S, Ghavami, M, Duranti, M and Tiberi, G (2019). UWB Device for Breast Microwave Imaging: Phantom and Clinical Validations. Measurement.
|Authors||Vispa, A, Sani, L, Paoli, M, Bigotti, A, Raspa, G, Ghavami, N, Caschera, S, Ghavami, M, Duranti, M and Tiberi, G|
Microwave imaging has received increasing attention in the last decades, motivated by its application in diagnostic imaging. Such effort has been encouraged by the fact that, at microwave frequencies, it is possible to distinguish between tissues with different dielectric properties. In such framework, a novel microwave device is presented here. The apparatus, consisting of two antennas operating in air, is completely safe and non-invasive since it does not emit any ionizing radiation and it can be used for breast lesion detection without requiring any breast crushing. We use Huygens Principle to provide a novel understanding into microwave imaging; specifically, the algorithm based on this principle provides images which represent homogeneity maps of the dielectric properties (dielectric constant and/or conductivity). The experimental results on phantoms having inclusions with different dielectric constants are presented here. In addition, the capability of the device to detect breast lesions has been verified through clinical examinations on 51 breasts. We introduce a metric to measure the non-homogeneous behaviour of the image, establishing a modality to detect the presence of inclusions inside phantoms and, similarly, the presence of a lesion inside a breast.
|Keywords||Ultra wideband technology,; Microwave imaging; Breast imaging; Dielectric properties|
|24 Jul 2019|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||28 Jun 2019|
|Accepted||24 Jun 2019|
|Accepted author manuscript|
CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Accepted author manuscript
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