Pathological demand avoidance (PDA): Its four schools of thought.
Woods, R. (2021). Pathological demand avoidance (PDA): Its four schools of thought. Neurodevelopmental Psychology Forum: Newsletter of the Developmental Section. 94 (2), pp. 10 - 14.
Pathological Demand Avoidance (PDA) is a proposed Disorder, which is sometimes viewed to be an autism spectrum disorder. Is characterised by persistence avoidance of ordinary demands by non-autistic society, with persons frequently displaying social avoidance behaviours which can be considered "manipulative" or "strategic". Presently, there is much controversy surrounding PDA, partly because there is no conclusive evidence to indicate which features comprise PDA, and how it should be conceptualised. Thus, there are competing divergent schools of thought on how to view PDA. This short paper describes the four main worldviews on PDA besides it being an autism spectrum disorder. Firstly, PDA is also conceptualised as "rebranded autism", pathologising characteristics not assessed in an autism diagnosis. Secondly, a common disorder. Finally, PDA could be a pseudo-syndrome resulting from the simultaneous interaction between autism and common co-occurring conditions. I call for treating with PDA caution until good quality scientific method-based research indicates which outlook should be adopted.
|Keywords||Pathological Demand Avoidance; Extreme Demand Avoidance; Demand-Avoidance Phenomena; Rational Demand Avoidance; Autism; Demand Avoidant Behaviour; Extreme Anxiety|
|Journal||Neurodevelopmental Psychology Forum: Newsletter of the Developmental Section|
|Journal citation||94 (2), pp. 10 - 14|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||06 Sep 2021|
|Deposited||08 Sep 2021|
|Accepted author manuscript|
Author's version of the accepted manuscript.
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