An Adaptive Software Fault Tolerant Framework for Ubiquitous Vehicular Technologies

Journal article


Rizwan, M., Nadeem, A., Iqbal, M., Sarwar, S., Safyan, M. and Qayyum, Z.U. (2020). An Adaptive Software Fault Tolerant Framework for Ubiquitous Vehicular Technologies. IEEE Communications Standards Magazine. 4 (4), pp. 26-32. https://doi.org/10.1109/MCOMSTD.001.2000012
AuthorsRizwan, M., Nadeem, A., Iqbal, M., Sarwar, S., Safyan, M. and Qayyum, Z.U.
Abstract

Probability for the occurrence of faults increases manifolds when program Lines of Code (LoC) exceeds a few thousand in ubiquitous applications. Faults mitigation in ubiquitous applications, such as those of autonomous Vehicular Technologies (VTs), has not been effective even with the use of formal methods. Faults in such applications require exhaustive testing for a timely fix, that seems infeasible computationally.
This emphasizes the imperative role of Software Fault Tolerance (SFT) for autonomous applications. Several SFT techniques have been proposed but failures revealed in VT applications imply that existing SFT techniques need to be fine-tuned. In this paper, current replication-based SFT techniques have been analyzed and classified with respect to their diversity, adjudication, and adaptivity. Essential parameters (such as Reliability, Time, Variance, etc) for adjudication, diversity, and adaptiveness were recorded.
The identified parameters were mapped to different techniques (such as AFTRC, SCOP, VFT, etc) for observing their shortcomings. Consequently, a generic framework named ”Diverse Parallel Adjudication for Software Fault Tolerance (DPA-SFT)” has been proposed. DPA-SFT addresses the shortcomings of existing SFT techniques for VTs with the added value of parallel and diverse adjudication. A prototype implementation of the proposed framework has been developed for assessing the viability of DPA-SFT over modules of VT. An empirical comparison of the proposed framework was performed with prevalent techniques (AFTRC, SCOP, VFT, etc). A thorough evaluation suggests that DPA-SFT performs better than contemporary SFT techniques in VTs due to its parallel and diverse adjudication.

KeywordsFault tolerance; Vehicular and wireless technologies; Fault tolerant systems; Prototypes; Software testing; Software reliability
Year2020
JournalIEEE Communications Standards Magazine
Journal citation4 (4), pp. 26-32
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
ISSN2471-2825
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1109/MCOMSTD.001.2000012
Publication dates
PrintDec 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted05 Aug 2020
Deposited24 Aug 2020
Accepted author manuscript
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Open
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