Molecular and cellular insights into iron regulation

PhD Thesis


Mehta, K (2012). Molecular and cellular insights into iron regulation. PhD Thesis University of Westminster School of Life Sciences
AuthorsMehta, K
TypePhD Thesis
Abstract

The iron hormone hepcidin is regarded as the main iron homeostatic regulator in
the human body. It is predominantly produced by hepatocytes in response to
systemic iron excess. However, since the cellular and molecular mechanisms
involved in hepcidin expression are not fully understood, this project involved
studying hepcidin expression and the role of the pro-region of the hepcidin prohormone
in regulation of iron homeostasis.
Iron overdose in Chinese hamster ovary-transferrin receptor variant (CHO TRVb1)
cells resulted in increased hepcidin peptide secretion after 30 min and 2 hours
(p<0.03) as well as 24 and 48 hours (p<0.01). Also, partial characterisation of the
previously unknown CHO-gene sequences of Hfe, Slc40-a1 and Irp2, was
achieved. To determine the effect of intracellular iron overload on hepcidin
expression, recombinant transferrin receptor 1 (rec-TfR1) HepG2 cells were
created which express modified TfR1 to maximise iron uptake. Upon
holotransferrin (5 g/L) treatment these cells showed significantly increased iron
uptake which was in contrast to the response by Wt HepG2 cells. Also, it was
shown for shown for the first time that hepcidin peptide secretion increased upon iron
overdose to HepG2 cells after 30 min, 2,4,24 and 48 hours (p<0.05). Also,
holotransferrin treatment (5 g/L) increased hepcidin mRNA levels; in Wt HepG2
cells by 0.6 fold (on average) after 30 min, 2,4,6 and 24 hours and in rec-TfR1
HepG2 cells by 0.5 fold after 2 h (p<0.02). Gene expression studies of TfR1,
SLC40-A1, and HFE upon iron overdose showed opposing functionalities of TfR1
and SLC40-A1 in maintaining intracellular iron homeostasis and emphasised the
significance of HFE in hepcidin induction. Additionally, localisation studies with the
pre-pro derivative of preprohepcidin identified its presence in the nucleus,
suggesting its involvement in the gene regulation process and thus possible
participation in maintaining iron homeostasis.
In conclusion, rec-TfR1 HepG2 cells partially resemble haemochromatotic cells
and the findings indicate that hepcidin regulation involves the interaction between
several iron-related genes and the extracellular and intracellular iron levels.

Year2012
PublisherLondon South Bank University
Publication dates
Print01 May 2012
Publication process dates
Deposited17 Dec 2018
Publisher's version
License
CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/8799z

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