Treatment outcomes of stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy on oligometastases from colorectal cancer: Early results of a single institution service evaluation

Journal article


Duong, J., Stewart-Lord, A., Nariyangadu, P., Harrison, M. and Tsang, Y.M. (2022). Treatment outcomes of stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy on oligometastases from colorectal cancer: Early results of a single institution service evaluation . British Institute of Radiology . 22 (4), p. 202110071. https://doi.org/10.1259/bjro.20210071
AuthorsDuong, J., Stewart-Lord, A., Nariyangadu, P., Harrison, M. and Tsang, Y.M.
Abstract

Objective
Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) has been suggested to be an effective non-invasive ablative therapy for oligometastases originated from colorectal cancer (CRC). This study aimed to report CRC oligometastases SABR treatment outcomes in terms of overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and post-treatment toxicities.
Methods:
Treatment records of patients with CRC metachronous oligometastases who underwent SABR at a single institution between February 2015 and December 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. OS and PFS were calculated using Kaplan–Meier statistics and post-RT toxicity data was scored following CTCAE v. 4.0. Analysis of prognostic factors on OS and PFS was performed based on site of primary cancer, types of treatment to primary cancer, number of oligometastases, SABR treatment sites, intervals between treatment to primary cancer and SABR to oligometastases, biological equivalent dose, cumulative gross tumour volume and planning target volume.
Results
75 patients with 86 CRC metachronous oligometastases (including liver, lung, lymph nodes and bone) were included. The median age was 65.5 years (range 42.5–87.2) with a median follow-up of 23.8 months (range 3.1–46.5). The estimated median PFS was 14.6 months (95% CI 9.6–19.6). and estimated median OS was 33.3 months (95% CI 22.9–43.7). Majority of patients tolerated SABR well with the most common acute side-effects of Grade 1 fatigue. No Grade 3 or higher toxicities were reported at any time points.
Only SABR treatment sites (p = 0.03) and cumulative volumes of planning target volume (p = 0.02) were found to be statistically significant independent predictors of PFS and OS respectively.

Conclusion
This study showed modest PFS, OS, and post-treatment toxicity outcomes on SABR to metachronous oligometastases from CRC. It has highlighted that cumulative tumour volume may be a stronger prognostic factor of OS comparing to the number of metastases.
Advances in knowledge:
There are limited data published on the efficacy and post-treatment toxicity of CRC oligometastases SABR with adequate length of follow-up. Our retrospective study suggests that cumulative tumour volume may be a stronger prognostic factor of OS comparing to the number of oligometastases.

Year2022
JournalBritish Institute of Radiology
Journal citation22 (4), p. 202110071
PublisherBritish Institute of Radiology
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1259/bjro.20210071
Web address (URL)https://www.birpublications.org/doi/abs/10.1259/bjro.20210071
Publication dates
Print10 Mar 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted02 Mar 2022
Deposited16 Jun 2022
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Open
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