Schizotypal traits and their relation to rejection sensitivity in the general population: Their mediation by quality of life, agreeableness and neuroticism

Journal article


Premkumar, P., Onwumere, J., Betts, L., Kibowski, F. and Kuipers, E. (2018). Schizotypal traits and their relation to rejection sensitivity in the general population: Their mediation by quality of life, agreeableness and neuroticism. Psychiatry Research. 267, pp. 201-209. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.06.002
AuthorsPremkumar, P., Onwumere, J., Betts, L., Kibowski, F. and Kuipers, E.
Abstract

Schizotypal traits are a cluster of personality styles suggesting a potential liability for schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. Interpersonal schizotypal traits include cognitive disorganisation which consists of social anxiety, and introvertive anhedonia which consists of a lack of pleasure in social activities. Rejection sensitivity is evident all along this continuum. This study aimed to determine whether psychosocial quality of life (QOL), neuroticism and agreeableness mediates the relation between schizotypy and rejection sensitivity. Three hundred and eighteen participants from a predominantly University student population completed an online survey mea- suring schizotypy, rejection sensitivity, quality of life, and the five-factor personality traits. A regression analysis determined the prediction of rejection sensitivity by schizotypy, quality of life, and the five personality traits. Analyses examined the mediation of the relation between interpersonal schizotypy and rejection sensitivity by psychological QOL, social QOL, neuroticism, and agreeableness. Cognitive disorganisation and introvertive anhedonia predicted greater rejection sensitivity, which in turn were mediated by psychological QOL, social QOL, neuroticism, and agreeableness. The findings show that interpersonal schizotypy relates to greater rejec- tion sensitivity. Psychosocial factors that lower one's ability to have positive feelings, trusting relationships, and prosocial behaviour, and personality traits that increase worrying mediate this association.

KeywordsInterpersonal schizotypy; Mediation; Personality; Quality of life
Year2018
JournalPsychiatry Research
Journal citation267, pp. 201-209
PublisherElsevier
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.06.002
Web address (URL)https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165178117319030
Publication dates
Print05 Jun 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted03 Jun 2018
Deposited13 Oct 2020
Accepted author manuscript
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Open
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