Sensitivity to criticism and praise predicts schizotypy in the non-clinical population: The role of affect and perceived expressed emotion

Journal article


Premkumar, P., Dunn, A. K., Onwumere, J. and Kuipers, E. (2019). Sensitivity to criticism and praise predicts schizotypy in the non-clinical population: The role of affect and perceived expressed emotion. European Psychiatry. 55, p. 109–115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2018.10.009
AuthorsPremkumar, P., Dunn, A. K., Onwumere, J. and Kuipers, E.
Abstract

Background: Schizotypy represents a cluster of personality traits consisting of magical beliefs, perceptual aberrations, disorganisation, and anhedonia. Schizotypy denotes a vulnerability for psychosis, one reason being psychosocial stress. High expressed emotion (EE), a rating of high criticism, hostility, and emotional over-involvement from a close relative, denotes psychosocial stress and vulnerability to psychosis, and is associated with schizotypy. This study aimed to decipher the relationship of schizotypy to perceived criticism and perceived praise in terms of affect and perceived EE. Methods: Ninety-eight healthy participants listened to short audio-clips containing criticism, praise, and neutral comments from a stranger, and evaluated them in terms of the comments' arousal and personal relevance. Participants also answered self-report questionnaires of schizotypy, depression, mood, and perceived EE. Correlational analyses tested the relationship between schizotypy and the evaluations of criticism and praise. Mediation analyses then tested whether depression, positive mood, and perceived EE explained these relationships. Results: Greater relevance of standard criticism correlated with higher positive schizotypy. This association was fully mediated by high depression and perceived irritability from a close relative. Lower personal relevance of standard praise correlated with higher cognitive disorganisation (another schizotypal trait). This relationship was partially mediated by low positive mood and high perceived intrusiveness from a close relative. Conclusion: Greater perceived criticism and lower perceived praise predict schizotypy in the healthy population. Affect and interpersonal sensitivity towards a close relative explain these relationships, such that depression increases perceived criticism, while positive mood increases perceived praise.

KeywordsSchizotypy; Expressed emotion; Criticism; Depression; Mood; Praise
Year2019
JournalEuropean Psychiatry
Journal citation55, p. 109–115
PublisherCambridge University Press
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2018.10.009
Web address (URL)https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/european-psychiatry/article/sensitivity-to-criticism-and-praise-predicts-schizotypy-in-the-nonclinical-population-the-role-of-affect-and-perceived-expressed-emotion/27F90F8DFF0F9021B941B1D2EBFE7120
Publication dates
Print21 Nov 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted29 Oct 2018
Deposited13 Oct 2020
Accepted author manuscript
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Open
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