Street Gang Intervention: Review and Good Lives Extension

Journal article


Mallion, J. and Wood, J. (2020). Street Gang Intervention: Review and Good Lives Extension. Social Sciences. 9 (9), p. e160. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci9090160
AuthorsMallion, J. and Wood, J.
AbstractTackling street gangs has recently been highlighted as a priority for public health. In this paper, the four components of a public health approach were reviewed: (1) surveillance, (2) identifying risk and protective factors, (3) developing and evaluating interventions at primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary intervention stages, and (4) implementation of evidence-based programs. Findings regarding the effectiveness of prevention and intervention programs for street gang members were mixed, with unclear goals/objectives, limited theoretical foundation, and a lack of consistency in program implementation impeding effectiveness at reducing street gang involvement. This paper proposes that the Good Lives Model (GLM), a strengths-based framework for offender rehabilitation, provides an innovative approach to street gang intervention. Utilizing approach-goals, the GLM assumes that improving an individual’s internal skills and external opportunities will reduce the need to become involved in street gangs. Wrapping the GLM framework around current evidence-based interventions (e.g., Functional Family Therapy) increases client engagement and motivation to change, which is notably poor amongst those at risk of, or involved in, street gangs.
Keywordsstreet gangs; public health; Good Lives Model; intervention; prevention
Year2020
JournalSocial Sciences
Journal citation9 (9), p. e160
PublisherMDPI
ISSN2076-0760
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci9090160
FunderEconomic and Social Research Council
Publication dates
Online15 Sep 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted09 Sep 2020
Deposited02 Oct 2020
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Licensehttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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socsci-09-00160-v2.pdf
License: CC BY 4.0
File access level: Open

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