Emotional processes and gang membership: A narrative review.

Journal article


Mallion, J. S. and Wood, J. L. (2018). Emotional processes and gang membership: A narrative review. Aggression and Violent Behavior. 43 (1), pp. 56-63.
AuthorsMallion, J. S. and Wood, J. L.
Abstract

With implementation of governmental strategies aimed at reducing gang involvement, academic interest in gang membership has rapidly increased. However, there is a dearth of knowledge relating to emotional processes of gang members (Wood & Alleyne, 2010). This review synthesizes existing literature surrounding possible risk factors for gang membership including, empathy, Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD), Psychopathy, Callous Unemotional (CU) traits, Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), and Emotional Intelligence (EI). Due to the limited evidence-base, additional literature surrounding violent offending and group relations are used to provide a comprehensive account of emotional processes of gang members. It is concluded that high levels of ASPD traits and low levels of empathy and EI
are potential risk factors for gang membership. However, contradictory research findings, prevent conclusions regarding the influence of psychopathy, ODD and CU-traits on gang membership. Overall, this review provides support for utilizing emotion-focused strategies in
gang intervention programs and recommends that future research focuses on assessing the developmental trajectory of emotional processes throughout the cycle of gang membership (joining, maintaining and exiting).

KeywordsGang; Emotional intelligence; Psychopathy; Callous unemotional traits; Oppositional defiant disorder
Year2018
JournalAggression and Violent Behavior
Journal citation43 (1), pp. 56-63
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1359-1789
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.avb.2018.10.001
Publication dates
Online14 Oct 2018
PrintNov 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted08 Oct 2018
Deposited16 Jul 2020
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
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