Cervical spine radiculopathy epidemiology: A systematic review

Journal article


Mansfield, M., Smith, T., Spahr, Nicolas and Thacker, Mick (2020). Cervical spine radiculopathy epidemiology: A systematic review. Musculoskeletal Care. 18 (4), pp. 555-567. https://doi.org/10.1002/msc.1498
AuthorsMansfield, M., Smith, T., Spahr, Nicolas and Thacker, Mick
Abstract

Background & Objective
Cervical spine radiculopathy (CSR) is a disabling condition which has significant negative impacts on a person’s mental health, physical functioning and social participation. Research has reported variable CSR incidence and prevalence among different populations. To date no systematic review has been completed investigating the prevalence or incidence of CSR, therefore our objective was to determine the incidence and/or prevalence of CSR in adults.

Design and Method
A systematic review was conducted including searches of PubMed (MEDLINE), EMBASE and CINAHL from inception to February 25th 2020. Studies including data on incidence and/or prevalence of CSR were included. Methodological quality was assessed using a modified Hayden, Cote and Bombardier (2006) appraisal checklist. Data was analysed narratively.

Results
Nine low to high-quality studies were included in the final review. Incidence ranged between 0.832 to 1.79 per 1000 person-years from two high quality and one low quality study. Prevalence values ranged from 1.21 to 5.8 per 1000 from four medium to high quality studies. Prevalence values of 1.14% (95% CI 0.45-1.82) and 1.31% (95% CI 0.66-1.96) for males and females respectively were reported from one medium quality study. One medium quality study reported an unadjusted prevalence value of 6.3% for males and females.

Conclusions
This is the first systematic review investigating the epidemiology of CSR in an adult population. This review reports a variable incidence rate and prevalence of CSR among specific populations, however, this was based on nine studies. There is a priority to investigate CSR epidemiology across other populations globally and standardising CSR diagnostic criteria.

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Mansfield et al. (2020) Cervical Spine Radiculopathy Epidemiology. Systematic Review, Musculoskeletal Care which will be published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/15570681. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.

KeywordsChiropractics; Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation; Rehabilitation; Rheumatology; Nursing (miscellaneous); Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Year2020
JournalMusculoskeletal Care
Journal citation18 (4), pp. 555-567
PublisherWiley
ISSN1478-2189
1557-0681
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1002/msc.1498
Publication dates
Online25 Jul 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted13 Jul 2020
Deposited14 Jul 2020
Accepted author manuscript
File Access Level
Open
Licensehttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/termsAndConditions#vor
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