Is there an increased risk of falls and fractures in people with early diagnosed hip and knee osteoarthritis? Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative.

Journal article


Smith, TO, Higson, E, Pearson, M and Mansfield, M. (2016). Is there an increased risk of falls and fractures in people with early diagnosed hip and knee osteoarthritis? Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative. International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases. 21 (6), pp. 1193-1201. https://doi.org/10.1111/1756-185X.12871
AuthorsSmith, TO, Higson, E, Pearson, M and Mansfield, M.
Abstract

AIMS: To assess the probability of individuals with early-diagnosed hip or knee osteoarthritis experiencing a fall and/or fracture compared to a cohort without osteoarthritis. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the Osteoarthritis Initiative dataset. We identified all people who were diagnosed with hip or knee osteoarthritis within a 12 month period, compared to those without osteoarthritis. We determined whether there was a difference in the occurrence of falls, with or without consequential fractures, between people newly diagnosed with hip or knee osteoarthritis compared to those who had not, using odd ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). RESULTS: Five hundred and fifty-two individuals with hip osteoarthritis were compared to 4244 individuals without hip osteoarthritis; 1350 individuals with knee osteoarthritis were compared to 3445 individuals without knee osteoarthritis. People with knee osteoarthritis had a 54% greater chance of experiencing a fall compared to those without (OR: 1.54; 95% CI: 1.35-1.77). People with hip osteoarthritis had a 52% greater chance of experiencing a fall compared to those without hip osteoarthritis (OR: 1.52; 95% CI: 1.26-1.84). People with knee and hip osteoarthritis demonstrated over an 80% greater chance of experiencing a fracture in the first 12 months of their diagnosis compared to those without hip or knee osteoarthritis (total knee arthroplasty: OR 1.81; total hip arthroplasty: OR 1.84). CONCLUSIONS: There is an increased risk of falls and fractures in early-diagnosed knee and hip osteoarthritis compared to those without osteoarthritis. International guidelines on the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis should consider the management of falls risk.

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Smith, TO and Higson, E and Pearson, M and Mansfield, M (2016) Is there an increased risk of falls and fractures in people with early diagnosed hip and knee osteoarthritis? Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative. International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases, 21 (6). pp. 1193-1201. which has been published in final form at 10.1111/1756-185X.12871 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.

Keywordsarthritis; falls; injury; joint degenerative; lower limb; older people; Clinical Sciences; Immunology; Medical Microbiology
Year2016
JournalInternational Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Journal citation21 (6), pp. 1193-1201
PublisherWiley
ISSN1756-185X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/1756-185X.12871
Web address (URL)https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1756-185X.12871
Publication dates
Print06 May 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited25 Jul 2018
Accepted06 May 2016
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
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