Tailoring exciton diffusion and domain size in photovoltaic small molecules by annealing

Journal article


Sajjad, T., Zhang, Y., Geraghty, P.B., Mitchell, V.D., Ruseckas, A., Blaszczyk, O., Jones, D.J. and Samuel, I.D.W. (2019). Tailoring exciton diffusion and domain size in photovoltaic small molecules by annealing. Journal of Materials Chemistry C. 7 (26), pp. 7922-7928.
AuthorsSajjad, T., Zhang, Y., Geraghty, P.B., Mitchell, V.D., Ruseckas, A., Blaszczyk, O., Jones, D.J. and Samuel, I.D.W.
Abstract

Exciton diffusion is an important part of light harvesting in organic photovoltaics (OPVs) because it enables excitons to reach the interface betweeen donor and acceptor and contribute to the photocurrent. Here we used simple and cost-effective techniques of thermal annealing and solvent vapour annealing to increase the exciton diffusion coefficient and exciton diffusion length in two liquid crystalline electron donor materials BQR and BTR. We found that the three-dimensional exciton diffusion length increased to ~40 nm upon annealing in both materials. Grazing-incidence wide angle X-ray scattering (GIWAXS) measurements show an increase of crystallite size to ~37 nm in both materials after thermal annealing. We determined an average domain size of these materials in the blends with PC71BM using diffusion-limited fluorescence quenching and found that it increased to 31 nm in BTR PC71BM blends and to 60 nm in BQR PC71BM blends. Our results provide understanding of how annealing improves device efficiency.

Year2019
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Journal citation7 (26), pp. 7922-7928
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
ISSN2050-7534
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1039/C9TC00951E
Web address (URL)https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2019/TC/C9TC00951E#!divAbstract
Publication dates
Print19 Apr 2019
Online19 Apr 2019
Publication process dates
Accepted08 Apr 2019
Deposited28 Feb 2020
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY 4.0
File Access Level
Open
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/892y3

Accepted author manuscript

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