Joint crisis plans for people with psychosis: Economic evaluation of a randomised controlled trial

Journal article


Flood, C, Byford, S, Henderson, C, Leese, M, Thornicroft, G, Sutherby, K and Szmukler, G (2006). Joint crisis plans for people with psychosis: Economic evaluation of a randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal. 333 (7571), pp. 729-732.
AuthorsFlood, C, Byford, S, Henderson, C, Leese, M, Thornicroft, G, Sutherby, K and Szmukler, G
Abstract

Objective: To investigate the cost effectiveness of joint crisis plans, a form of advance agreement for people with severe mental illness. Design: Single blind randomised controlled trial. Setting: Eight community mental health teams in southern England. Participants: 160 people with a diagnosis of psychotic illness or non-psychotic bipolar disorder who had been admitted to hospital at least once within the previous two years. Intervention: Joint crisis plan formulated by the patient, care coordinator, psychiatrist, and project worker containing contact information, details of illnesses, treatments, relapse indicators, and advance statements of preferences for care for future relapses. Control group was standardised service information. Main outcome measures: Admission to hospital; service use over 15 months. Results: Use of a joint crisis plan was associated with less service use and lower costs on average than in the standardised service information group, but differences were not significant. Total costs during follow-up were £7264 (€10 616, $13 560) for each participant with a joint crisis plan and £8359 (€12 217, $15 609) for each participant with standardised service information (mean difference £1095; 95% confidence interval -2814 to 5004). Cost effectiveness acceptability curves, used to explore uncertainty in estimates of costs and effects, suggest there is a greater than 78% probability that joint crisis plans are more cost effective than standardised service information in reducing the proportion of patients admitted to hospital. Conclusion: Joint crisis plans produced a non-significant decrease in admissions and total costs. Though the cost estimates had wide confidence intervals, the associated uncertainty suggests there is a relatively high probability of the plans being more cost effective than standardised service information for people with psychotic disorders.

KeywordsHumans; Single-Blind Method; Psychotic Disorders; Community Mental Health Services; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Patient Care Planning; England
Year2006
JournalBritish Medical Journal
Journal citation333 (7571), pp. 729-732
ISSN0959-8146
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1136/bmj.38929.653704.55
Publication dates
Print07 Oct 2006
Publication process dates
Deposited21 Jun 2019
Accepted16 Aug 2006
Publisher's version
License
CC BY-NC 4.0
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/87qw3

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