Reducing risk of overdose with midazolam injection in adults: an evaluation of change in clinical practice to improve patient safety in England

Journal article


Flood, C, Matthew, L, Marsh, R, Patel, B, Mansaray, M and Lamont, T (2014). Reducing risk of overdose with midazolam injection in adults: an evaluation of change in clinical practice to improve patient safety in England. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 21 (1), pp. 57-66.
AuthorsFlood, C, Matthew, L, Marsh, R, Patel, B, Mansaray, M and Lamont, T
Abstract

Rationale aims and objectives. This study sought to evaluate potential reductions in risk associated with midazolam injection, a sedating medication, following a United Kingdom National Patient Safety Alert. This alert, ?Reducing risk of overdose with midazolam injection in adults?, was sent to all National Health Service organisations as a Rapid Response Report detailing actions services should take to minimise risks. Method. To evaluate any potential changes arising from this alert, a number of data sources were explored including reported incidents to a national reporting system for health care error, clinician survey and audit data, pharmaceutical purchasing patterns and feedback from NHS managers. Results. Prior to the Rapid Response Report, 498 incidents were received by the National Patient Safety Agency including 3 deaths. Post implementation of the Rapid Response Report (June 2009), no incidents resulting in death or severe harm had been received. All organisations reported having completed the Rapid Response Report actions. Purchase and use of risk-prone, high-strength sedating midazolam by health care organisations decreased significantly as did the increased use of safer, lower strength doses (as recommended in the Rapid Response Report). Conclusions. Organisations can achieve safer medication practices, better knowledge, awareness and implementation of national safer practice recommendations. Risks from inadvertent overdose of midazolam injection was reduced post implementation of national recommendations. Ongoing monitoring of this particular adverse event will be required with a sustained patient safety message to health services to maintain awareness of the issue and reduction in the number of midazolam related errors.

KeywordsHumans; Flumazenil; Midazolam; Hypnotics and Sedatives; Antidotes; Medication Errors; Injections; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Risk Reduction Behavior; Safety Management; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; State Medicine; England; Patient Safety; Drug Overdose
Year2014
JournalJournal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Journal citation21 (1), pp. 57-66
PublisherWiley
ISSN1356-1294
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/jep.12228
Web address (URL)http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/4515/
Publication dates
Print11 Aug 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited22 May 2019
Accepted16 Jun 2014
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY-NC 4.0
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/877x3

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