Suicidal Behavior and Psychological Distress in University Students: A 12-Nation Study. Archives of Suicide Research

Journal article


Eskin, M, Voracek, M, Tran, T, Sun, J, Janghorbani, M, Carta, M G, Moro, M F, Yoshimasu, K, Tsuno, K, Khader, Y, Idhail, J, Nawafleh, H, Hamdan, M, Shaheen, A, Kujan, O, Mechri, A, Flood, C, Phillips, L, Poyrazi, S and Harlak, H (2016). Suicidal Behavior and Psychological Distress in University Students: A 12-Nation Study. Archives of Suicide Research. Archives of Suicide Research. 20 (3), pp. 369-388.
AuthorsEskin, M, Voracek, M, Tran, T, Sun, J, Janghorbani, M, Carta, M G, Moro, M F, Yoshimasu, K, Tsuno, K, Khader, Y, Idhail, J, Nawafleh, H, Hamdan, M, Shaheen, A, Kujan, O, Mechri, A, Flood, C, Phillips, L, Poyrazi, S and Harlak, H
Abstract

This study investigated the prevalence of suicidal behavior and psychological distress in university students across 12 nations. A total of 5572 university students from 12 countries were surveyed about suicide ideation, suicide attempts and psychological distress by means of a self-administered questionnaire. Almost 29% of the samples reported having contemplated suicide and 7% reported attempting suicide. Of the total sample, 51.1% scored above the General Health Questionnaire-12 ? 3 cut-off point, 41.6% above the GHQ-12 ? 4 cut-off point, and 33.8% scored above the GHQ-12 ? 5 cut-off point. While odds of suicide ideation were elevated in Austria and the UK, reduced ORs were detected for China, Italy, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, and Turkey. Similarly, while odds of suicide attempt were high in Jordan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, and to some extent in Turkey, reduced ORs were observed for Austria, China, Italy, Japan and the USA. Elevated ORs for psychological distress were seen in Japan, Jordan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia and Turkey but reduced ORs were noted in Austria, China, Iran, Italy and the USA. Psychological distress was strongly associated with reports of suicide ideation and attempts. Suicide ideation, suicide attempt and psychological distress are common in university students but their rates vary depending on the sociocultural context. Due attention should be devoted to the mental health needs of young adults enrolled in higher educational institutions and more cross-cultural research is warranted to better understand the etiology of the observed intersocietal variations in suicidal behavior and psychological distress.

KeywordsHumans; Prevalence; Risk Factors; Suicide, Attempted; Stress, Psychological; Mental Health; Cross-Cultural Comparison; Socioeconomic Factors; Students; Needs Assessment; Universities; Adult; Female; Male; Suicidal Ideation; Global Health
Year2016
JournalArchives of Suicide Research
Journal citation20 (3), pp. 369-388
ISSN1381-1118
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1080/13811118.2015.1054055
Web address (URL)http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/12468/
Publication dates
Print08 Mar 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited23 May 2019
Accepted08 Feb 2016
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY 4.0
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/874ww

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