Medial prefrontal cortex reacts to unfairness if this damages the self: a tDCS study.

Journal article


Civai, C, Miniussi, C and Rumiati, RI (2014). Medial prefrontal cortex reacts to unfairness if this damages the self: a tDCS study. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 10 (8), pp. 1054-1060. https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsu154
AuthorsCivai, C, Miniussi, C and Rumiati, RI
Abstract

Neural correlates of unfairness perception depend on who is the target of the unfair treatment. These previous findings suggest that the activation of medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) is related to unfairness perception only when the subject of the measurement is also the person affected by the unfair treatment. We aim at demonstrating the specificity of MPFC involvement using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), a technique that induces cortical excitability changes in the targeted region. We use a modified version of the Ultimatum Game, in which responders play both for themselves (myself-MS condition) and on behalf of an unknown third-party (TP condition), where they respond to unfairness without being the target of it. We find that the application of cathodal tDCS over MPFC decreases the probability of rejecting unfair offers in MS, but not in TP; conversely, the same stimulation increases the probability of rejecting fair offers in TP, but not in MS. We confirm the hypothesis that MPFC is specifically related to processing unfairness when the self is involved, and discuss possible explanations for the opposite effect of the stimulation in TP.

KeywordsPrefrontal Cortex; Humans; Electrodes; Ego; Morals; Social Perception; Psychomotor Performance; Games, Experimental; Adolescent; Adult; Female; Young Adult; Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation; MPFC; Ultimatum Game; non-invasive brain stimulation; self-other; unfairness; Adolescent; Adult; Ego; Electrodes; Female; Games, Experimental; Humans; Morals; Prefrontal Cortex; Psychomotor Performance; Social Perception; Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation; Young Adult; 1109 Neurosciences; 1701 Psychology; 1702 Cognitive Science; Experimental Psychology
Year2014
JournalSocial Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Journal citation10 (8), pp. 1054-1060
PublisherOxford University Press (OUP)
ISSN1749-5024
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsu154
Publication dates
Print30 Dec 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited12 Oct 2017
Accepted01 Aug 2015
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/87746

Download files


Accepted author manuscript
Civai_etal_SCAN_2014.pdf
License: CC BY 4.0
File access level: Open

  • 79
    total views
  • 189
    total downloads
  • 5
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Working memory and attention in choice.
Rustichini, A., Domenech, P., Civai, C. and DeYoung, Colin G (2023). Working memory and attention in choice. PLoS ONE. 18 (10), p. e0284127. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0284127
Shotgun Metagenomic Sequencing Revealed the Prebiotic Potential of a Fruit Juice Drink with Fermentable Fibres in Healthy Humans
Bester, A., O’Brien, M., Cotter, P.D., Dam, S. and Civai, C. (2023). Shotgun Metagenomic Sequencing Revealed the Prebiotic Potential of a Fruit Juice Drink with Fermentable Fibres in Healthy Humans. Foods. 12 (13), p. 2480. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods12132480
How perceived scarcity predicted cooperation during early pandemic lockdown.
Civai, C., Caserotti, M., Carrus, E., Huijsmans, I. and Rubaltelli, E. (2022). How perceived scarcity predicted cooperation during early pandemic lockdown. Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.951757
Does unfairness sound wrong? A cross-domain investigation of expectations in music and social decision-making
Civai, C, Teodorini, R and Carrus, E (2020). Does unfairness sound wrong? A cross-domain investigation of expectations in music and social decision-making. Royal Society Open Science. 7 (9). https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.190048
Mentalizing in value-based social decision-making: shaping expectations and social norms
Civai, C and Sanfey, A (2019). Mentalizing in value-based social decision-making: shaping expectations and social norms. in: Gilead, M and Ochsner, K (ed.) The Neural Basis of Mentalizing - A Social-Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Perspective Springer.
A scarcity mindset alters neural processing underlying consumer decision making
Huijsmans, I, Ma, I, Micheli, L, Civai, C, Stallen, M and G Sanfey, A (2019). A scarcity mindset alters neural processing underlying consumer decision making. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1818572116
Neurocognitive mechanisms of reactions to second- and third-party justice violations.
Civai, C, Huijsmans, I and Sanfey, A (2019). Neurocognitive mechanisms of reactions to second- and third-party justice violations. Scientific Reports. 9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-45725-8
Effects of serotonin depletion and dopamine depletion on bimodal divided attention.
Königschulte, W, Civai, C, Hildebrand, P, Gaber, TJ, Fink, GR and Zepf, FD (2018). Effects of serotonin depletion and dopamine depletion on bimodal divided attention. World Journal of Biological Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1080/15622975.2018.1532110
Game Theory in Neuroeconomics
Civai, C and Hawes, DR (2016). Game Theory in Neuroeconomics. in: Reuter, M and Montag, C (ed.) Neuroeconomics Springer. pp. 13-40
The Enhancement of Social Norm Compliance: Prospects and Caveats
Civai, C and Ma, I (2017). The Enhancement of Social Norm Compliance: Prospects and Caveats. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement. 1 (1), pp. 26-30. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41465-017-0009-4
Intelligence and Extraversion in the neural evaluation of delayed rewards
Civai, C, Hawes, DR, DeYoung, CG and Rustichini, A (2016). Intelligence and Extraversion in the neural evaluation of delayed rewards. Journal of Research in Personality. 61, pp. 99-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2016.02.006
Predicting the other in cooperative interactions.
Sanfey, AG, Civai, C and Vavra, P (2015). Predicting the other in cooperative interactions. Trends in cognitive sciences. 19 (7), pp. 364-365. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2015.05.009
Disentangling self- and fairness-related neural mechanisms involved in the ultimatum game: an fMRI study
Corradi-Dell'Acqua, C., Civai, C., Rumiati, R.I. and Fink, G.R. (2013). Disentangling self- and fairness-related neural mechanisms involved in the ultimatum game: an fMRI study. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 8 (4), p. 424–431. https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nss014
Rejecting unfairness: emotion-driven reaction or cognitive heuristic?
Civai, C (2013). Rejecting unfairness: emotion-driven reaction or cognitive heuristic? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 7, p. 126. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00126
Framing the ultimatum game: the contribution of simulation.
Tomasino, B, Lotto, L, Sarlo, M, Civai, C, Rumiati, R and Rumiati, RI (2013). Framing the ultimatum game: the contribution of simulation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 7, p. 337. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00337