Incorporation of Ag nanowires in CuWO 4 for improved visible light-induced photoanode performance

Journal article


Zhang, H, Yilmaz, P, Ansari, JO, Khan, FF, Binions, R, Krause, S and Dunn, S (2015). Incorporation of Ag nanowires in CuWO 4 for improved visible light-induced photoanode performance. Journal of Materials Chemistry A. 3 (18), pp. 9638-9644.
AuthorsZhang, H, Yilmaz, P, Ansari, JO, Khan, FF, Binions, R, Krause, S and Dunn, S
Abstract

We report the sol–gel synthesis of a CuWO4 (Eg � 2.0–2.15 eV) thin film loaded with Ag nanowires. The incorporation of Ag nanowires into the semiconductor matrix significantly improves the performance of CuWO4 as a photoanode for use in photochemical water splitting (PEC). Here, we have developed a
planar electrode to test the photoactivity of the catalyst using standard electrochemical procedures under simulated solar light. The sol–gel synthesis of CuWO4 is modified such that we add Ag nanowires during sol aging. We demonstrate that there is negligible change to the CuWO4 matrix microstructure,
morphology or crystal structure. When we compare the pristine CuWO4 to the material with Ag nanowires embedded in the CuWO4 matrix there is a fourfold improvement of photocurrent at 1.23 V vs. NHE to ca. 1.5 mA cm2 (pH 9) under simulated AM1.5G illumination. This photocurrent is very competitive against more well developed photoanode structures when consideration for surface area is allowed. The Ag nanowires increase carrier mobility film enabling a sufficiently thick sample of catalyst, measured at 750 nm, to effectively harvest incident light. The addition of the Ag nanowires removes the plateau region found for CuWO4 further indicating that there is a good flow of carriers to the surface of the catalyst, a significant improvement as carrier mobility has been shown to be low in CuWO4. The Faradaic efficiency of the catalyst was measured at 31%. Our flat band potential is found to be 0 vs. NHE. The ability to make a highly photoactive catalyst using a simple chemical process opens up opportunities in a wide range of areas that focus on PEC and other light harvesting processes.

Year2015
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Journal citation3 (18), pp. 9638-9644
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1039/c4ta07213h
Publication dates
Print26 Mar 2015
Publication process dates
Deposited16 Jan 2019
Accepted26 Mar 2015
Publisher's version
License
CC BY 4.0
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/876yy

  • 0
    total views
  • 9
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 3
    downloads this month

Related outputs

Influence of ferroelectric dipole on the photocatalytic activity of heterostructured BaTiO3/α-Fe2O3
Cui, Y, Sun, H, Briscoe, J, Wilson, R, Tarakina, N, Dunn, S and Pu, Y (2019). Influence of ferroelectric dipole on the photocatalytic activity of heterostructured BaTiO3/α-Fe2O3. Nanotechnology. 30 (25).
Pyro-electrolytic water splitting for hydrogen generation
Zhang, Y, Kumar, S, Marken, F, Krasny, M, Roake, E, Eslava, S, Dunn, S, Da Como, E and Bowen, CR (2019). Pyro-electrolytic water splitting for hydrogen generation. Nano Energy. 58, pp. 183-191.
Influence of anneal atmosphere on ZnO-nanorod photoluminescent and morphological properties with self-powered photodetector performance
Hatch, SM, Briscoe, J, Sapelkin, A, Gillin, WP, Gilchrist, JB, Ryan, MP, Heutz, S and Dunn, S (2013). Influence of anneal atmosphere on ZnO-nanorod photoluminescent and morphological properties with self-powered photodetector performance. Journal of Applied Physics. 113 (20), pp. 204501-204501.
Enhanced performance with bismuth ferrite perovskite in ZnO nanorod solid state solar cells
Loh, L, Briscoe, J and Dunn, S (2014). Enhanced performance with bismuth ferrite perovskite in ZnO nanorod solid state solar cells. Nanoscale. 6 (12), pp. 7072-7078.
ZnO nanorod surface modification with PDDA/PSS Bi-layer assembly for performance improvement of ZnO piezoelectric energy harvesting devices
Jalali, N, Briscoe, J, Tan, YZ, Woolliams, P, Stewart, M, Weaver, PM, Cain, MG and Dunn, S (2014). ZnO nanorod surface modification with PDDA/PSS Bi-layer assembly for performance improvement of ZnO piezoelectric energy harvesting devices. Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology. 73 (3), pp. 544-549.
Acoustic enhancement of polymer/ZnO nanorod photovoltaic device performance
Shoaee, S, Briscoe, J, Durrant, JR and Dunn, S (2014). Acoustic enhancement of polymer/ZnO nanorod photovoltaic device performance. Advanced Materials. 26 (2), pp. 263-268.
Structural, Optical and Magnetic Properties of Cu-Doped ZnO Nanoparticles by Co-Precipitation Method
Fabbiyola, S, Kennedy, L J, JudithVijaya, J, Bououdina, M and Dunn, S (2016). Structural, Optical and Magnetic Properties of Cu-Doped ZnO Nanoparticles by Co-Precipitation Method. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. 16 (9), pp. 9722-9730.
Enhanced photocatalytic activity of heterostructured ferroelectric BaTiO3/α-Fe2O3 and the significance of interface morphology control
Cui, Y, Briscoe, J, Wang, Y, Tarakina, N V and Dunn, S (2017). Enhanced photocatalytic activity of heterostructured ferroelectric BaTiO3/α-Fe2O3 and the significance of interface morphology control. ACS applied materials & interfaces. 9 (29), pp. 24518-24526.
Ultra high resolution of PZT 30/70 domains as imaged by PFM
Dunn, S, Shaw, CP, Huang, Z and Whatmore, RW (2002). Ultra high resolution of PZT 30/70 domains as imaged by PFM. Nanotechnology. 13 (4).
Plasmon enhanced visible light photocatalysis for TiO 2 supported Pd nanoparticles
Lacerda, AM, Larrosa, I and Dunn, S (2015). Plasmon enhanced visible light photocatalysis for TiO 2 supported Pd nanoparticles. Nanoscale. 7 (29), pp. 12331-12335.
Carbon-Nanodot Solar Cells from Renewable Precursors
Marinovic, A, Kiat, LS, Dunn, S, Titirici, MM and Briscoe, J (2017). Carbon-Nanodot Solar Cells from Renewable Precursors. ChemSusChem. 10 (5), pp. 1004-1013.
Photoelectrocatalysis of Rhodamine B and solar hydrogen production by TiO2 and Pd/TiO2 catalyst systems
Yilmaz, P, Lacerda, A M, Larrosa, I and Dunn, S (2017). Photoelectrocatalysis of Rhodamine B and solar hydrogen production by TiO2 and Pd/TiO2 catalyst systems. Electrochimica Acta. 231, pp. 641-649.
Pyroelectric energy harvesting for water splitting
Xie, M, Dunn, S, Le Boulbar, E and Bowen, C R (2017). Pyroelectric energy harvesting for water splitting. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 42 (37), pp. 23437-23445.
Effect of Ferroelectricity on Solar-Light-Driven Photocatalytic Activity of BaTiO3? Influence on the Carrier Separation and Stern Layer Formation
Cui, Y, Briscoe, J and Dunn, S (2013). Effect of Ferroelectricity on Solar-Light-Driven Photocatalytic Activity of BaTiO3? Influence on the Carrier Separation and Stern Layer Formation. Chemistry of Materials. 25 (21), pp. 4215-4223.
Bismuth ferrite enhanced ZnO solid state dye-sensitised solar cell
Loh, L, Briscoe, J and Dunn, S (2016). Bismuth ferrite enhanced ZnO solid state dye-sensitised solar cell. Procedia Engineering. 139, pp. 15-21.
Optimization of 3D ZnO brush-like nanorods for dye-sensitized solar cells
Pace, S, Resmini, A, Tredici, IG, Soffientini, A, Liao, X, Dunn, S, Briscoe, J and Anselmi-Tamburini, U (2018). Optimization of 3D ZnO brush-like nanorods for dye-sensitized solar cells. RSC Advances. 8, pp. 9775-9782.
Tuning the electrocaloric enhancement near the morphotropic phase boundary in lead-free ceramics
Le Goupil, F, McKinnon, R, Koval, V, Viola, G, Dunn, S, Berenov, A, Yan, H and Alford, N (2016). Tuning the electrocaloric enhancement near the morphotropic phase boundary in lead-free ceramics. Scientific Reports. 6, p. 28251.
Lithium-induced phase transitions in lead-free Bi0. 5Na0. 5TiO3 based ceramics
Viola, G, McKinnon, R, Koval, V, Adomkevicius, A, Dunn, S and Yan, H (2014). Lithium-induced phase transitions in lead-free Bi0. 5Na0. 5TiO3 based ceramics. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 118 (16), pp. 8564-8570.
Routes to energy conversion with functional oxide films and nanostructures, a short review
Dunn, S (2015). Routes to energy conversion with functional oxide films and nanostructures, a short review. Thin Solid Films. 601, pp. 59-62.
Effect of internal electric fields on charge carrier dynamics in a ferroelectric material for solar energy conversion
Morris, MR, Pendlebury, SR, Hong, J, Dunn, S and Durrant, JR (2016). Effect of internal electric fields on charge carrier dynamics in a ferroelectric material for solar energy conversion. Advanced Materials. 28 (33), pp. 7123-7128.
Enhanced discharge energy density of rGO/PVDF nanocomposites: The role of the heterointerface
Zhang, Y, Wang, Y, Qi, S, Dunn, S, Dong, H and Button, T (2018). Enhanced discharge energy density of rGO/PVDF nanocomposites: The role of the heterointerface. Applied Physics Letters. 112 (20), pp. 202904-202904.
Pricing and Discounting
Bennett, DR, Scriven, J and Dunn, S (2017). Pricing and Discounting. in: Sharp, B (ed.) Marketing, Theory, Evidence, Practice Australia Oxford University Press. pp. 300-330