The Challenges for Smart Cities in the UK

Book chapter


Bennett, DR, Pérez-Bustamante Yábar, D and Medrano, ML (2016). The Challenges for Smart Cities in the UK. in: Peris-Ortiz, M, Bennett, D and Pérez-Bustamante Yábar, D (ed.) Sustainable Smart Cities: Creating Space for Technological, Social and Business Development Switzerland Springer International Publishing.
AuthorsBennett, DR, Pérez-Bustamante Yábar, D and Medrano, ML
EditorsPeris-Ortiz, M, Bennett, D and Pérez-Bustamante Yábar, D
Abstract

The rising interest in smart cities in the UK and Europe is in danger of sliding into a public/private debate. While the literature on smart cities is extensive, it is also confusing and often contradictory. Moreover, the technology advances that enable smart cities to develop advance far more quickly than does the academic analysis that follows. In this article we briefly summarize the literature in order to create a progress report for smart cities in the UK. We begin with a short review of the Smart Cities concept.
Our main finding is that the implementation of smart city concepts across the UK is patchy, partly because in the UK cities control only about 18% of their budgets and their ability to act locally is constrained. As a result, smart city initiatives and investments leave much to be desired in terms of function and impact. We conclude that in the UK, the challenges to meeting the smart city ideal are many and profound, but not insuperable. The results can be summarized in four main issues that cities face in becoming smarter:

1. Critical political challenges--as opposed to technological—require involvement of highly placed political leaders,
2. Marketplace forces need to be shaped for the broader community to benefit,
3. Smart cities cannot be either bottom up or top down, they have to be both,
4. Concerns about privacy, engagement, and appropriate use of all aspects of smart city interfaces need to be better understood.

KeywordsSmart Cites
Year2016
Book titleSustainable Smart Cities: Creating Space for Technological, Social and Business Development
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Place of publicationSwitzerland
SeriesInnovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management
ISBN978-3-319-40894-1
Publication dates
Print22 Aug 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited30 Aug 2016
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1007/978-3-319-40895-8
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/872qy

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