Sustainability Choice of Different Hybrid Timber Structure for Low Medium Cost Single-story Residential Building: Environmental, Economic and Social Assessment

Journal article


Tighnavard Balasbaneh, A., Bin Marsono, A.K. and Khaleghi, S.J. (2018). Sustainability Choice of Different Hybrid Timber Structure for Low Medium Cost Single-story Residential Building: Environmental, Economic and Social Assessment. Journal of Building Engineering. 20, p. 235–247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2018.07.006
AuthorsTighnavard Balasbaneh, A., Bin Marsono, A.K. and Khaleghi, S.J.
Abstract

The impact of different hybrid timber building construction on three different categories namely: environment, economic and social is analyzed in this research. Five types of hybrid timber structure have been chosen in this study toward finding the most optimum choice for Malaysian low income housing. The base material of all case studies are wood and only main frame of structures are different. The environmental impact of each individual design encompasses material extraction, transportation, construction, maintenance and end-of-life phases. The life cycle aspect of current research is evaluated for global warming potential (GWP), human-toxicity potential (HTP), eutrophication (EP), fossil depletion (FDP), acidification (AP), life cycle cost (LCC) and social life cycle assessment (SLCA). The result revealed the different emissions between various structural schemes in all stages. Decision making process was oriented to sustainability as the hybrid steel stud & timber (T2) generally performed better than timber structure with concrete, LVL or GLT with steel. Particularly, T2 had the lowest GWP (3.31E+3 kg-CO2-eq) and LCC (212,750 MYR) which was the lowest in comparison with other hybrid timber
structures. Also the result of job creation revealed that timber sector will provide higher wage not only for
existing employees but for timber sector regarding creating higher job possibility. The sensitivity analysis was
accomplished on electricity usage and assumed instead of full fossil fuel mix electricity applied for acquiring construction material on mill. The result shows almost 15–30% less GWP emission for all building structure.

KeywordsHybrid timber structure, Sustainable design, Life cycle cost, Life cycle sustainability assessment, Social life cycle assessment, Climate change mitigation
Year2018
JournalJournal of Building Engineering
Journal citation20, p. 235–247
PublisherElsevier
ISSN2352-7102
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2018.07.006
Web address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352710218301396?via%3Dihub
Publication dates
Online10 Jul 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted06 Jul 2018
Deposited10 Jul 2024
Accepted author manuscript
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Open
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