Experimental Study of Two-Phase Air–Water Flow in Large-Diameter Vertical Pipes

Journal article


Ali, S. and Yeung, H. (2014). Experimental Study of Two-Phase Air–Water Flow in Large-Diameter Vertical Pipes. Chemical Engineering Communications. 202 (6), pp. 823-842. https://doi.org/10.1080/00986445.2013.879058
AuthorsAli, S. and Yeung, H.
Abstract

Recently, due to an increase in production demand in nuclear and oil and gas industries, the requirement to migrate toward larger pipe sizes for future developments has become essential. However, it is interesting to note that almost all the research on two-phase gas–liquid flow in vertical pipe upflow is based on small-diameter pipes (D_100 mm), and the experimental work on the two-phase gas–liquid flow in large-diameter (D>100 mm) vertical pipes is scarce. Under the above circumstances, the application of modelling tools=correlations based on small-diameter pipes in predicting flow behaviour (flow pattern, void fraction, and pressure gradient) poses severe challenges in terms of accuracy. The results presented in this article are motivated by the need to introduce the research work done to the industries where the data pertaining to large-diameter vertical pipes are scarce and there is a lack of understanding of two-phase gas-liquid flow behaviour in large-diameter (D>100 mm) vertical pipes. The unique aspect of the results presented here is that the experimental data have been generated for a 254-mm inner diameter vertical pipe that forms an excellent basis for the assessment of modelling tools=correlations.

This article (i) presents the results of a systematic investigation of the flow patterns in large-diameter vertical pipes and identifies the transition between subsequent flow patterns, (ii) compares it directly with the existing large- (150 mm) and small-diameter data (28mm and 32 mm) in the same air–water superficial velocity range, (iii) exemplifies that the existing available empirical correlations=models=codes are significantly in error when applied to large-diameter vertical pipes for predictions, and last (iv) assesses the predictive capability of a well-known commercial multiphase flow simulator.

KeywordsAir–water; Flow patterns; Flow regime transitions and OLGA; Large diameter; Small diameter; Vertical pipe; Void fraction
Year2014
JournalChemical Engineering Communications
Journal citation202 (6), pp. 823-842
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/00986445.2013.879058
Web address (URL)https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00986445.2013.879058
Publication dates
Print03 Feb 2015
Online10 Jul 2014
Publication process dates
Accepted10 Jul 2014
Deposited23 Aug 2021
Accepted author manuscript
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File Access Level
Open
Additional information

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Chemical Engineering Communications on 10/7/2014, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/00986445.2013.879058

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