Food activities and identity maintenance in old age: a systematic review and meta-synthesis.

Journal article


Atwal, A., Plaistow, N.A. and Gilhooley, M. (2014). Food activities and identity maintenance in old age: a systematic review and meta-synthesis. ageing mental health. 19 (8), pp. 667-678.
AuthorsAtwal, A., Plaistow, N.A. and Gilhooley, M.
Abstract

Abstract
OBJECTIVES:
Services provided to older people should be developed based on active ageing policies. Nutrition is one aspect of active ageing, but little is known about how food activities contribute to psychological well-being in later life. This is a systematic review of qualitative and quantitative research that answers the question 'What is known about the relationship between food activities and the maintenance of identities in old age?'.
METHODS:
We followed the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines and used quality assessment parameters to complete a systematic review and narrative synthesis. Academic Search Premier, MEDLINE, CINAHL Plus, and PsycINFO databases were searched.
RESULTS:
We initially identified 8016 articles, of which 167 full-text articles were screened for inclusion. Twenty-two articles were included in the review. There was moderate evidence from nine qualitative and two quantitative studies, of variable quality, that food activities contribute to the maintenance of women's gendered identities, the ethnic identities of men and women, and community identities. There was moderate evidence from 10 qualitative studies, of variable quality, that a change in food choice and deteriorating health changed food activity participation. These changes threatened identities. Most studies included both younger adults and older adults.
CONCLUSION:
In later life, there are many life experiences leading to change. Further research is needed to develop understanding of how identity and mental well-being are maintained, despite changes in everyday activities like cooking and eating. This may enable health care professionals to meet psychological needs alongside biological needs during nutritional interventions.

KeywordsHumans; Feeding Behavior; Social Identification; Gender Identity; Aging; Food; Aged; Female; Male
Year2014
Journalageing mental health
Journal citation19 (8), pp. 667-678
PublisherInforma UK Limited
ISSN1360-7863
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1080/13607863.2014.971707
Publication dates
Print06 Nov 2014
Online06 Nov 2014
Publication process dates
Accepted26 Jun 2014
Deposited22 Jul 2020
File
License
File Access Level
Open
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/89ywy

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