The control and maintenance of desired flow patterns in bends of different orientations
Zhao, D, Omar, R., Abdulkadir, M., Abdulkareem, L.A., Azzi, A., Saidj, F., Hernandez Perez, V., Hewakandamby, B.N. and Azzopardi, B.J. (2016). The control and maintenance of desired flow patterns in bends of different orientations. Flow Measurement and Instrumentation. 53 (B), pp. 230-242. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2016.09.003
|Authors||Zhao, D, Omar, R., Abdulkadir, M., Abdulkareem, L.A., Azzi, A., Saidj, F., Hernandez Perez, V., Hewakandamby, B.N. and Azzopardi, B.J.|
Research into gas-liquid flow and bends can be motivated by the effect of the bend on the flow downstream of it which could alter the flow pattern occurring and the performance of downstream equipment. Alternatively, the interest might come from what occurs in the bend itself, there could be dryout of the film on the walls and consequent damage to the heat transfer equipment. Here we present measurements made with a number of accurate and fast responding sensors on three cases, two on the effect of the bend and one considering effects in the bend. The results, point to how to achieve certain flow patterns. Also recommendations are provided regarding the position of any sensor installed to determine flow pattern.
|Journal||Flow Measurement and Instrumentation|
|Journal citation||53 (B), pp. 230-242|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2016.09.003|
|Funder||Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)|
|15 Sep 2016|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||10 Apr 2017|
|Accepted||14 Sep 2016|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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Elements of this work were carried out as part of grants from the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (Grant nos. EP/E004644/1 and EP/F016050/1).
This work has been undertaken within the Joint Project on Transient Multiphase Flows and Flow Assurance, sponsored by Advantica; BP Exploration; CD-adapco; Chevron; ConocoPhillips; ENI; ExxonMobil; FEESA; IFP; Institutt for Energiteknikk; Norsk Hydro; PDVSA (INTERVEP); Petrobras; PETRONAS; Scandpower PT; Shell; SINTEF; Statoil and TOTAL. The Authors wish to express their sincere gratitude for their support.
M. Abdulkadir would like to express sincere appreciation to the Nigerian government through the Petroleum Technology Development Fund (PTDF/TR/PhD/AM/137/VOL. 1) for providing the funding for his doctoral studies. L.A. Abdulkareem would like to express sincere appreciation to the University of Zakho and the Ministry of Higher Education, Kurdistan Regional Government for providing the funding for his doctoral studies.
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