Performance optimization of supercritical CO2 gas heater in a biomass-CO2 power generation system

Journal article


Ge, Y. and Zhang, X. (2023). Performance optimization of supercritical CO2 gas heater in a biomass-CO2 power generation system. Journal of Enhanced Heat Transfer. https://doi.org/10.1615/JEnhHeatTransf.2023048332
AuthorsGe, Y. and Zhang, X.
Abstract

A comprehensive Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation model was developed in the current research to simulate a shell-and-tube supercritical CO2 gas heater used in a biomass-CO2 power generation system. The model was based on the actual design of the heat exchanger and relevant operational parameters. The simulation model was validated using manufacturer operational data and empirical correlations before being utilized to evaluate the performance of the heat exchanger and its related system under various operating conditions and heat exchanger designs. The results of the simulation demonstrate that the heating capacity of the heat exchanger can be increased differently by increasing the flue gas temperature, flue gas mass flow rate, and CO2 mass flow rate. Furthermore, there is an optimal CO2 pressure ratio that can improve the system's thermal efficiency. Decreasing the distance between hot fluid pipe inlet and cold fluid outlet ports, as well as hot fluid pipe outlet and cold fluid inlet ports, can effectively enhance the heating capacity of the shell-and-tube heat exchanger (STHX) and its associated system. Based on the CFD simulation outcomes, recommendations for enhancing the heat exchanger designs and system controls have been identified.

Keywordsshell-and-tube CO2 supercritical gas heater, biomass-CO2 power generation system, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling, performance analysis and optimisation.
Year2023
JournalJournal of Enhanced Heat Transfer
PublisherBegell House
ISSN 1563-5074
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1615/JEnhHeatTransf.2023048332
Web address (URL)https://www.dl.begellhouse.com/journals/4c8f5faa331b09ea,forthcoming.html
Publication dates
Print06 Jun 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted06 Jun 2023
Deposited27 Jun 2023
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
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