The Urban Food Question in the Context of Inequality and Dietary Change: A Study of Schoolchildren in Accra

Journal article


Stevano, S., Johnston, D. and Codjoe, E. (2019). The Urban Food Question in the Context of Inequality and Dietary Change: A Study of Schoolchildren in Accra. The Journal of Development Studies. 56 (6), pp. 1177-1189. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220388.2019.1632434
AuthorsStevano, S., Johnston, D. and Codjoe, E.
Abstract

Diets are changing globally, as agricultural and food systems have become globalised. Understanding how patterns of globalisation affect welfare is a key development question, but we know little about the way that the globalisation of food systems impacts different groups. This study explores food security and consumption among schoolchildren in Accra. We use a novel approach based on triangulation of primary data on food consumption and a synthesis of secondary literature on food trade, policy and urban food environment. Thus, we bridge a divide between micro-level analyses of food consumption and macro-level studies of food systems. We find that socio-economic status is a critical dimension, with poorer children more vulnerable to food insecurity and narrow dietary diversity. However, the consumption of packaged and processed foods, often sugar-rich and nutrient-poor, cuts across wealth groups. We argue that the urban food question today is defined by two intersecting phenomena: inequality and dietary change. The urban poor continue to face the fundamental challenge of adequate food access amidst a food environment that provides consumers with unhealthy and cheap food options. Therefore, food policy needs to regulate imports of cheap, unhealthy and enticing food.

Year2019
JournalThe Journal of Development Studies
Journal citation56 (6), pp. 1177-1189
PublisherTaylor & Francis
ISSN00220388
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/00220388.2019.1632434
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1080/00220388.2019.1632434
Publication dates
Online26 Jun 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted12 Jun 2019
Deposited11 Jan 2023
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Additional information

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in The Journal of Development Studies on 26/06/2019, available at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/00220388.2019.1632434

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