Mechanisms to attenuate load in the intact limb of transtibial amputees when performing a unilateral drop landing

Journal article


Moudy, SC, Tillin, NA, Sibley, AR and Strike, S Mechanisms to attenuate load in the intact limb of transtibial amputees when performing a unilateral drop landing. Journal of Applied Biomechanics.
AuthorsMoudy, SC, Tillin, NA, Sibley, AR and Strike, S
Abstract

Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Journal of Applied Biomechanics, [ahead of print]. © Human Kinetics, Inc.
Individuals with unilateral transtibial amputations experience greater work demand and loading on the intact limb compared to the prosthetic limb, placing this limb at a greater risk of knee joint degenerative conditions. It is possible that increased loading on the intact side may occur due to strength deficits and joint absorption mechanics. This study investigated the intact limb mechanics utilised to attenuate load, independent of prosthetic limb contributions and requirements for forward progression, which could provide an indication of deficiencies in the intact limb. Amputee and healthy control participants completed three unilateral drop landings from a 30 cm drop height. Joint angles at touchdown, range of motion, coupling angles, peak powers, and negative work of the ankle, knee and hip were extracted together with isometric quadriceps strength measures. No significant differences were found in the load or movement mechanics (p ≥ .312, g ≤ 0.42), despite deficits in isometric maximum (20%) and explosive (25%) strength (p ≤ .134, g ≥ 0.61) in the intact limb. These results demonstrate that, when the influence from the prosthetic limb and task demand are absent, and despite deficits in strength, the intact limb adopts joint mechanics similar to able-bodied controls to attenuate limb loading.

Keywordsquadriceps strength; knee osteoarthritis; joint loading; amputee
JournalJournal of Applied Biomechanics
PublisherHuman Kinetics Publishers, Inc.
ISSN1543-2688
Publication process dates
Accepted02 Jul 2019
Deposited11 Nov 2019
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY 4.0
File Access Level
Open
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/886z6

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The Effects of Long-Term Muscle Disuse on Neuromuscular Function in Unilateral Transtibial Amputees
Sibley, A., Strike, S., Moudy, S. and Tillin, N. (2019). The Effects of Long-Term Muscle Disuse on Neuromuscular Function in Unilateral Transtibial Amputees. Experimental Physiology.