Effects of altered sagittal trunk orientation on kinetic pattern in able-bodied walking on uneven ground
AminiAghdam, S. and Rode, C. (2017). Effects of altered sagittal trunk orientation on kinetic pattern in able-bodied walking on uneven ground. Biology Open. 6 (7).
|Authors||AminiAghdam, S. and Rode, C.|
© 2017. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd Studies of disturbed human locomotion often focus on the dynamics of the gait when either posture, movement or surface is perturbed. Yet, the interaction effects of variation of trunk posture and ground level on kinetic behaviour of able-bodied gait have not been explored. For 12 participants we investigated the kinetic behaviour, as well as velocity and contact time, across four steps including an unperturbed step on level ground, pre-perturbation, perturbation (10-cm drop) and post-perturbation steps while walking with normal speed with four postures: regular erect, with 30°, 50° and maximal sagittal trunk flexion (70°). Two-way repeated measures ANOVAs detected significant interactions of posture×step for the second peak of the vertical ground reaction force (GRF), propulsive impulse, contact time and velocity. An increased trunk flexion was associated with a systematic decrease of the second GRF peak during all steps and with a decreased contact time and an increased velocity across steps, except for the perturbation step. Pre-adaptations were more pronounced in the approach step to the drop in regular erect gait. With increased trunk flexion, walking on uneven ground exhibited reduced changes in GRF kinetic parameters relative to upright walking. It seems that in trunk-flexed gaits the trunk is used in a compensatory way during the step-down to accommodate changes in ground level by adjusting its angle leading to lower variations in centre of mass height. Exploitation of this mechanism resembles the ability of small birds in adjusting their zig-zag-like configured legs to cope with changes in ground level.
|Journal citation||6 (7)|
|Publisher||The Company of Biologists|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1242/bio.025239|
|Online||15 Jul 2017|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||04 Nov 2019|
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