Warm Needle Acupuncture vs. Needle Acupuncture for Osteoarthritis of the Knee: A Pilot Study Protocol

Journal article


Appleyard, I, Crichton, N and Robinson, N (2016). Warm Needle Acupuncture vs. Needle Acupuncture for Osteoarthritis of the Knee: A Pilot Study Protocol. European Journal of Integrative Medicine. 8 (4), pp. 407-413. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eujim.2016.07.031
AuthorsAppleyard, I, Crichton, N and Robinson, N
Abstract

Acupuncture has been shown to have clinically relevant benefits for chronic pain. However, interpretation of the results and whether they are due to the placebo effect remains contested. As a complex physical intervention acupuncture presents particular problems in clinical research that seeks to identify a specific effect. The existing evidence mosaic can be enhanced by randomised controlled trials that investigate the specific efficacy of different components of acupuncture. This study investigates the specific efficacy of the conducted heat in warm needle acupuncture. Methods: The study is a randomised, controlled, parallel-group 2-armed clinicaltrial. Itis designed so that the outcome administrator, participants and primary acupuncturist will be blinded to group allocation. Analysis: The primary outcome measures WOMACJ NRS 3.1 score and SF 36 are both considered interval variables and provided the distribution of changes is normally distributed the change in score will be analysed using t-test. The information obtained from interviews with participants will be thematically analysed. Discussion: Compromises from acupuncture in practice have been made in order to devise procedures that can investigate the specific efficacy of the conducted heat of warm needle acupuncture. The way in which these compromises may impact on interpretation of the results is discussed

Keywordsacupuncture; warm needling; RCT; osteoarthritis of the knee; protocol
Year2016
JournalEuropean Journal of Integrative Medicine
Journal citation8 (4), pp. 407-413
PublisherElsevier
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eujim.2016.07.031
FunderBritish Acupuncture Council
Publication dates
Print08 Aug 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited30 Aug 2016
Accepted31 Jul 2016
Accepted author manuscript
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Accepted manuscript
File Access Level
Open
Publisher's version
License
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Open Access Published version
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Open
Additional information

The trial has been registered at ClinicalTrials.gov Ref: NCT02680912. Funding has been received from British Acupuncture Council (BAcC), 63 Jeddo Road, London W12 9HQ: Reference: BACCRG_2014IA. Dongbang Acuprime supplied the moxa at cost price https://www.acuprime.com.
Acknowledgement
Confucius Institute for Traditional Chinese Medicine at London South Bank University supports the study by providing clinical facilities and staff time.

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