Electrocaloric effect in lead-free Aurivillius relaxor ferroelectric ceramics

Journal article


Axelsson, AK, Le Goupil, F, Valant, M and Alford, MNM (2016). Electrocaloric effect in lead-free Aurivillius relaxor ferroelectric ceramics. Acta Materialia. 124, pp. 120 - 126.
AuthorsAxelsson, AK, Le Goupil, F, Valant, M and Alford, MNM
Abstract

A lead-free Aurivillius phase based on SrBi2(Nb0.2Ta0.8)2O9 was studied for potential application in electrocaloric (EC) cooling systems. Doping with praseodymium proved to be effective in reducing the temperature of maximum permittivity from about 300°C to 80°C. The praseodymium doping also led to a broadening of the permittivity peak and an increase in its frequency dispersion, which are typical features of strong relaxor ferroelectrics. A direct measurement system, based on a modified-differential scanning calorimeter, was used to analyze the EC effect of dense SrBi1.85Pr0.15(Nb0.2Ta0.8)2O9 ceramics. Unlike the trend observed in classic ferroelectrics, the EC effect in this relaxor ferroelectric was found to increase significantly over a broad temperature range well above the temperature of depolarization. This was attributed to the contribution of the polar nanodomain alignment that is induced by the external electric field. Directions for further optimization of this lead-free relaxor towards a high-performing EC material were identified. A comparison between the direct and indirect EC measurements showed significant discrepancies, not only in a magnitude but also in the trend. These discrepancies were attributed to the non-ergodic relaxor state of the Aurivillius phase, which cannot be described with Maxwell equations. For materials displaying such characteristics indirect methods to predict EC effect may be unreliable requiring that the EC effect be measured by a direct EC characterization technique.

KeywordsElectrocaloric effect; Aurivillius phase; Ergodicity; Relaxor ferroelectric; Lead-free material
Year2016
JournalActa Materialia
Journal citation124, pp. 120 - 126
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN1359-6454
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2016.11.001
Publication dates
Print10 Nov 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited28 Feb 2017
Accepted01 Nov 2016
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY 4.0
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Related outputs

Optimisation of SrBi2(Nb,Ta)<inf>2</inf>O<inf>9</inf>Aurivillius phase for lead-free electrocaloric cooling
Axelsson, AK, Le Goupil, F, Valant, M and Alford, NMN (2018). Optimisation of SrBi2(Nb,Ta)<inf>2</inf>O<inf>9</inf>Aurivillius phase for lead-free electrocaloric cooling. Journal of the European Ceramic Society. 38 (16), pp. 5354-5358.