Structural integrity management and improved joint flexibility equations for uni-planar k-type tubular joints of fixed offshore structures

PhD Thesis


Khan, R (2016). Structural integrity management and improved joint flexibility equations for uni-planar k-type tubular joints of fixed offshore structures. PhD Thesis London South Bank University School of Engineering
AuthorsKhan, R
TypePhD Thesis
Abstract

The distribution of fixed steel offshore platforms around the world reveal a global fleet that
has exceeded or is approaching the end of the design life. In many operating areas, there is an
attraction to continue using these aging facilities due to continued production or as an
adjoining structure to facilitate a new field development or expansion. To justify continued
life extension of the fixed platform, various integrity assessment techniques are often used.
One of the major techniques incorporated is the phenomena of Local Joint Flexibility (LJF).
The derivations of existing LJF equations have evolved in many ways, including use of finite
element methods to predict the joint behaviour. There has been insufficient credible
benchmarking to large scale experimental test data.
In the early 1980s, AMOCO performed the only large scale test results of LJF which, prior
to this research, has not been in the public domain. A major objective of this research is to
develop a suite of improved LJF equations that have been appropriately benchmarked to large
scale tests. In addition, with the issue of the API RP 2SIM (2014) 1st Edition and the
development of the ISO 19901-09 SIM (DIS), this research also provides a basis for further
Asset Life Extension (ALE) of an aging fixed offshore platform in terms of ultimate strength
by using an improved suite of LJF equations. Furthermore, the research puts the structural
assessments such as LJF in the context of a structural integrity management framework,
which enables operators to manage their facilities holistically rather than isolated processes.
The research within this thesis critically examined the suitability of the existing LJF
equations, reviewed the guidance provided in the existing studies and described their
limitations for gapped K-type tubular joints. A comparison study and benchmarking study
demonstrated that a proposed finite element model provides a good fit with large scale
experimental data (AMOCO) and was used to develop a suite of improved LJF equations for gapped K-type tubular joints. The LJF equations derived from this research were validated
against the BOMEL large scale structural frame tests in terms of ultimate strength and
demonstrated an improvement on the current MSL-1SO equations for uni-planar K-type
tubular joints in the ISO 19902.2007 Fixed Offshore Structures code of practice. This
research also provides a basis to update current offshore structures codes and standards for
uni-planar gapped K-joints and also provide a standardized methodology for the derivation of
LJFs from credible large scale test data for other tubular joint configurations including multiplanar
K-joints, T-joints, Y-joints and X-joints.
The LJF equations developed in this research will have high impact in terms of the structural
integrity management of fixed offshore structures for OGPs globally, as they provide an
improvement to the current MSL-ISO joint equations, for gapped uni-planar joints. Offshore
structures are now able to operate more safely without compromising structural integrity and
incurring costly underwater repairs and inspections as before. OGPs are now able to prioritize
limited resources to other areas of concerns based on ALARP principles.

Year2016
PublisherLondon South Bank University
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.18744/PUB.001470
Publication dates
Print06 Dec 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited25 Oct 2017
Completed01 Oct 2016
Publisher's version
License
CC BY 4.0
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/87129

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Related outputs

The role of local joint flexibility (LJF) in the structural assessments of ageing offshore structures
Khan, R, Kraincanic, I, Smith, K and Gunn, M (2016). The role of local joint flexibility (LJF) in the structural assessments of ageing offshore structures. The 12th ISOPE Pacific/Asia Offshore Mechanics Symposium. Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia 04 - 07 Oct 2016 London South Bank University. pp. 518-524
Improved LJF equations for the uni-planar gapped K-type tubular joints of ageing fixed steel offshore platforms
Khan, R, Smith, K and Kraincanic, I (2017). Improved LJF equations for the uni-planar gapped K-type tubular joints of ageing fixed steel offshore platforms. Journal of Marine Engineering and Technology.