Les Jeunesses hitlériennes et la Seconde guerre mondiale

Journal article


Pine, L (2017). Les Jeunesses hitlériennes et la Seconde guerre mondiale. Le Mouvement Social. 261 (4), pp. 81-92. https://doi.org/10.3917/lms.261.0081
AuthorsPine, L
Abstract

A history of teen combatants in war needs to take into account the role of the Hitler Youth (Hitlerjugend or HJ) in the Second World War. This article traces the history of the HJ from youth movement to conduit for wartime personnel. Germany had a long and proud tradition of youth movements – the place of the HJ in this was distinctive. Hitler had stated at the Nuremberg Party Rally in September 1935 that: ‘In our eyes, the German youth of the future must be slim and slender, swift as the greyhound, tough as leather, and hard as Krupp steel’.Swiftness, toughness and hardness were Hitler’s three ideal values for Germany’s youth. An overtly military ethos came to be exemplified in the Hitler Youth, encompassing a hard, military masculinity much different from other types of maleness embodied in traditional institutions such as the family, school and church. This article begins with an initial exploration of the history of the HJ, in order to put the wartime period into context. It then explores HJ training and wartime experiences and the transformation of HJ boys from youth group members into soldiers. At the height of the war, German boys (and girls) were drafted into anti-aircraft (flak) work. Moreover HJ boys went into the Wehrmacht and into the SS. Towards the end of the war, young boys entered the Volkssturm (people’s militia), defending the National Socialist state until the bitter end in 1945.

Special issue of the journal Le Mouvement Sociale

Keywords2103 Historical Studies; History
Year2017
JournalLe Mouvement Social
Journal citation261 (4), pp. 81-92
PublisherLa Découverte
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3917/lms.261.0081
Publication dates
Print20 Aug 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited21 Feb 2018
Accepted20 Jul 2017
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/86y33

Download files

Accepted author manuscript
Pine Hitler Youth and Second World War.docx
License: CC BY 4.0
File access level: Open

  • 32
    total views
  • 10
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

An Unexpected but Fruitful Academic Journey
Pine, L. (2021). An Unexpected but Fruitful Academic Journey. in: Baumel-Schwartz, J. and Ofer, D. (ed.) We Could Have Been Them: Women Scholars Studying Women During the Holocaust Peter Lang.
‘The Germ Cell of the Nation’: The Family in the Third Reich
Pine, L. (2020). ‘The Germ Cell of the Nation’: The Family in the Third Reich. in: The Family in Modern Germany London Bloomsbury Academic.
The Experiences of Male Holocaust Victims at Auschwitz
Pine, L (2020). The Experiences of Male Holocaust Victims at Auschwitz. in: Krondorfer, B and Creanga, O (ed.) The Holocaust and Masculinities: Critical Inquiries into the Presence and Absence of Men New York, USA SUNY Press.
The Family and Private Life
Pine, L (2018). The Family and Private Life. in: Baranowski, S, Nolzen, A and Szejnmann, C (ed.) A Companion to Nazi Germany Wiley.
Debating Genocide
Pine, L (2018). Debating Genocide. in: Debating Genocide London Bloomsbury Academic.
Hitler's 'National Community': Society and Culture in Nazi Germany Second Edition
Pine, L (2017). Hitler's 'National Community': Society and Culture in Nazi Germany Second Edition. London Bloomsbury.
Germany
Pine, L (2016). Germany. in: Angulo, AJ (ed.) Miseducation: A History of Ignorance-Making in America and Abroad Baltimore, MD Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 244-267
Life and Times in Nazi Germany
Pine, L Pine, L (ed.) (2016). Life and Times in Nazi Germany. London Bloomsbury Academic.
Testimonies of Trauma: Surviving Auschwitz-Birkenau
Pine, L (2016). Testimonies of Trauma: Surviving Auschwitz-Birkenau. in: Leese, P and Crouthamel, J (ed.) Traumatic Memories of the Second World War and After Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 69-93
German Women and the Home Front in the Second World War
Pine, L (2016). German Women and the Home Front in the Second World War. Women's History Review. 26 (4), pp. 634-656. https://doi.org/10.1080/09612025.2016.1148510
Gender and the Holocaust: Male and Female Experiences of Auschwitz
Pine, L (2015). Gender and the Holocaust: Male and Female Experiences of Auschwitz. in: Randall, A (ed.) Genocide and Gender in the Twentieth Century A Comparative Survey London Bloomsbury Academic.