Crowd medical services in the English Football League: remodelling the team for the 21st century using a realist approach
Leary, A, Kemp, A, Greenwood, P, Hart, N, Agnew, J, Barrett, J and Punshon, G (2017). Crowd medical services in the English Football League: remodelling the team for the 21st century using a realist approach. BMJ Open.
|Authors||Leary, A, Kemp, A, Greenwood, P, Hart, N, Agnew, J, Barrett, J and Punshon, G|
Abstract Objectives To evaluate the new model of providing care based on demand. This included reconfiguration of the workforce to manage workforce supply challenges and meet demand without compromising the quality of care. Design Currently the Guide to Safety at Sports Grounds recommends the provision of crowd medical cover at English football league stadia. The guidance on provision of services has focussed on extreme circumstances such as the Hillsborough incident in 1989 while the majority of demand on present day services is from patients with minor injuries, exacerbations of injuries and pre-existing conditions. A new model of care was introduced in 2009/10 season to better meet demand. A realist approach was taken. Data on each episode of care was collected over 14 consecutive football league seasons at Millwall FC divided into two periods, pre-implementation of changes and post implementation of changes. Data on workforce retention and volunteer satisfaction was also collected. Setting The data were obtained from one professional Football League team (Millwall F.C.) located in London, UK. Primary and Secondary Outcomes The primary outcome was to examine the demand for crowd medical services. The secondary outcome was to remodel the service to meet these demands. Results In total 981 episodes of care were recorded over the evaluation. The groups presenting, demographic and type of presentation did not change over the evaluation. First aiders were involved in 87.7% of episodes of care, nurses in 44.4% and doctors 17.8%. There was a downward trend in referrals to hospital. Workforce feedback was positive. Conclusions The new workforce model has met increased service demands while reducing the number of referrals to acute care. It involves the first aid workforce in more complex care and key decision making and provides a flexible registered healthcare professional team to optimise the skill mix of the team.
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018619|
|Web address (URL)||https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/7/12/e018619|
|21 Dec 2017|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||28 Nov 2017|
|Accepted||08 Nov 2017|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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