Transgender Experiences of Occupation and the Environment: A Scoping Review

Journal article


Dowers, E, White, C, Kingsley, J and Swenson, R (2019). Transgender Experiences of Occupation and the Environment: A Scoping Review. Journal of Occupational Science.
AuthorsDowers, E, White, C, Kingsley, J and Swenson, R
Abstract

Background: 'Cisnormativity' refers to the Western cultural belief that gender (man/woman) mirrors sex (male/female). This review considers the occupational experiences of people whose gender identity differs from what is expected based on their sex at birth, gender identities operationalised as ‘transgender’. Method: A scoping review was conducted to examine the subjective experiences of occupation for transgender people and the enabling and/or restrictive features of the environment. Forty-one studies were reviewed, using inductive and deductive thematic analysis methods. Results: Three major themes relating to occupational experiences were identified: a) doing difference: gender expression and transition, b) recognisably different: microagressions and transphobia, and c) responding to difference: adaptation and identify affirmation. Environmental barriers were reported at a higher frequency than enabling features and pertained to social, physical, cultural and institutional factors. Conclusions: While occupation enables expression of transgender identities, cisnormative ideology shapes participatory norms in Euro-Western contexts. Occupational opportunities are unequal for transgender people, with the policing of binary gender restricting opportunities for inclusion and participation. This review functions as a critical starting point for broader conceptual thinking on occupation, resistance and identity-management for people who are transgender.

Transgender, cisnormativity, transphobia, occupation, environment.

Year2019
JournalJournal of Occupational Science
PublisherTaylor & Francis (Routledge)
ISSN1442-7591
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1080/14427591.2018.1561382
Publication dates
Print03 Feb 2019
Publication process dates
Deposited03 Jan 2019
Accepted26 Nov 2018
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY 4.0
Page range1-15
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/867vy

Accepted author manuscript

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