Transgender Experiences of Occupation and the Environment: A Scoping Review
Dowers, E, White, C, Kingsley, J and Swenson, R (2019). Transgender Experiences of Occupation and the Environment: A Scoping Review. Journal of Occupational Science.
|Authors||Dowers, E, White, C, Kingsley, J and Swenson, R|
Background: 'Cisnormativity' refers to the Western cultural belief that gender (man/woman) mirrors sex (male/female). This review considers the occupational experiences of people whose gender identity differs from what is expected based on their sex at birth, gender identities operationalised as ‘transgender’. Method: A scoping review was conducted to examine the subjective experiences of occupation for transgender people and the enabling and/or restrictive features of the environment. Forty-one studies were reviewed, using inductive and deductive thematic analysis methods. Results: Three major themes relating to occupational experiences were identified: a) doing difference: gender expression and transition, b) recognisably different: microagressions and transphobia, and c) responding to difference: adaptation and identify affirmation. Environmental barriers were reported at a higher frequency than enabling features and pertained to social, physical, cultural and institutional factors. Conclusions: While occupation enables expression of transgender identities, cisnormative ideology shapes participatory norms in Euro-Western contexts. Occupational opportunities are unequal for transgender people, with the policing of binary gender restricting opportunities for inclusion and participation. This review functions as a critical starting point for broader conceptual thinking on occupation, resistance and identity-management for people who are transgender.
Transgender, cisnormativity, transphobia, occupation, environment.
|Journal||Journal of Occupational Science|
|Publisher||Taylor & Francis (Routledge)|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1080/14427591.2018.1561382|
|03 Feb 2019|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||03 Jan 2019|
|Accepted||26 Nov 2018|
|Accepted author manuscript|
CC BY 4.0
Accepted author manuscript
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