A descriptive cross-sectional study on various uses and outcomes of Garcinia Kola among people of Oshimili North in the Delta State of Nigeria

Journal article


Icheku, V, Onianwah, IF and Nwulia, A (2019). A descriptive cross-sectional study on various uses and outcomes of Garcinia Kola among people of Oshimili North in the Delta State of Nigeria. AYU. 39 (3), pp. 132-138.
AuthorsIcheku, V, Onianwah, IF and Nwulia, A
Abstract

Background: A preliminary review of literature for this study shows that the use of Garcinia Kola (bitter kola) as plant medicine is common among Africans but no scientific evidence to support its uses to prevent or treat common medical conditions. The purpose this study, therefore, is to determine whether ingesting bitter kola could provide relief for common health conditions such as cough and flu symptoms, food poison, act as anti-bacteria, anti-virus, anticancer and libido enhancement.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional quantitative study was based on a structured questionnaire for adults aged 18 and above (n = 274) in Oshimili North Local Government area of Delta State of Nigeria. Likert scale data was coded as follows. 1 = Strongly disagree 2 = Disagree 3 = Neutral 4 = Agree 5 = Strongly agree. As Likert-type data is usually ordinal data, which makes more sense when converted to interval data. The converted ordinal data was analysed using SPSS computer software. Ethical requirement including the administration of information sheet, written informed consent and the provision of confidentiality were ensured.
Results: Total questionnaire returned and analysed n=274; male (n=155) female (n=119) respondents. The results show that the benefits derive from ingesting bitter kola was rated high for cough, bacterial or viral infection and anti-cancer. The results also show that most of the respondents consider bitter kola having low benefits for relieving food poison, diarrhea, or stomach upset. Chi-square results show no association between gender and perceived benefits of bitter kola for relieving these conditions. In addition, results show that females perceive benefits derive from ingesting bitter kola as low as an aphrodisiac whereas males consider it as average. Chi-square results show significant association between gender and perceived benefits of bitter kola as an aphrodisiac.
Conclusion: The study found that bitter kola provides health benefits for cough and other cold symptoms; act as anti-bacterial, anti-viral infections and anti-cancer. However, this study could not find any conclusive evidence to supports the age long claim of bitter kola as treatment for food poison, diarrhea or stomach upset and aphrodisiac (libido).

Year2019
JournalAYU
Journal citation39 (3), pp. 132-138
PublisherMedknow
ISSN0974-8520
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.4103/ayu.AYU_195_16
Publication dates
Print29 Mar 2019
Publication process dates
Deposited13 Dec 2018
Accepted30 Nov 2018
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY-NC-SA 4.0
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/8671q

  • 9
    total views
  • 27
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Related outputs

Integration of Evidence from a Systematic Review into Practice involving the care of adolescent males exposed to domestic violence
Icheku, V and Graham, R (2018). Integration of Evidence from a Systematic Review into Practice involving the care of adolescent males exposed to domestic violence. London SG Williams Publishing UK Co Limited.
Service Users’ Involvement in Interprofessional Learning and Higher Overall Pass Rate.
Icheku, V (2018). Service Users’ Involvement in Interprofessional Learning and Higher Overall Pass Rate. 2nd Global Nursing and Healthcare Conference. London UK 13 - 15 Aug 2018
Evidence based interventions to improve fostering relationships
Icheku, V and Paris, C (2018). Evidence based interventions to improve fostering relationships. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing.
Comparative cross-sectional quantitative study of health status among consumers of bitter kola in Igbuzor community living in Oshilmili North Local Government area of Delta state.
Icheku, V, Onianwah, IF and Nwulia, A (2018). Comparative cross-sectional quantitative study of health status among consumers of bitter kola in Igbuzor community living in Oshilmili North Local Government area of Delta state. Universal Journal of Food and Nutrition Science. 6 (1), pp. 28-40.
Impact of hiv related stigma and discrimination on working women in sub-sahara africa
Icheku, V (2015). Impact of hiv related stigma and discrimination on working women in sub-sahara africa. in: Connerley, M and Wu, J (ed.) Handbook on Well-Being of Working Women Springer. pp. 781-803
A new report that may provide clue as to why for 70 years there was no documented cases of birth defect in Africa where Zika virus originated
Icheku, V (2017). A new report that may provide clue as to why for 70 years there was no documented cases of birth defect in Africa where Zika virus originated. 3rd International Conference on Influenza and Zoonotic Diseases. Birmingham, UK 21 - 22 Aug 2017 London South Bank University.
Zika Virus and Microcephaly
Icheku, V (2017). Zika Virus and Microcephaly. Smart Technology to Fight Zika virus Epidemic. Recife, Brazil 10 - 13 Sep 2017 London South Bank University.
Is Zika virus the definitive culprit in cases of Microcephaly?
Icheku, V (2017). Is Zika virus the definitive culprit in cases of Microcephaly? Germany Lambert Academic Publishing.
What interventions work to improve relationships between birth parents and children in foster care?
Icheku, V and Paris, C (2017). What interventions work to improve relationships between birth parents and children in foster care? International Journal of Current Research. 9.
What Social Impact Does Exposure to Domestic Violence Have on Adolescent Males? A Systemic Review of Literature
Icheku, V and Graham, R (2017). What Social Impact Does Exposure to Domestic Violence Have on Adolescent Males? A Systemic Review of Literature. Journal of Healthcare Communications. 2 (1).
A review of the evidence linking Zika virus to the developmental abnormalities that lead to microcephaly in view of recent cases of birth defects in Africa
Icheku, V (2016). A review of the evidence linking Zika virus to the developmental abnormalities that lead to microcephaly in view of recent cases of birth defects in Africa. Journal of MPE Molecular Pathological Epidemiology. 1 (1), pp. 1-4.
Exploration of Zika virus travel-related transmission and a review of travel advice to minimise health risk to UK travellers
Icheku, V and Icheku, C (2016). Exploration of Zika virus travel-related transmission and a review of travel advice to minimise health risk to UK travellers. Universal Journal of Public health. 4 (4), pp. 203-211.