Numerical and experimental investigation of an Archimedes screw turbine for open channel water flow application

Journal article


Abbas, Z., Waqas, M., Khan, S.S., Khatoon, R., Larkin, S. and Zhao, L. (2023). Numerical and experimental investigation of an Archimedes screw turbine for open channel water flow application. Energy Science & Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1002/ese3.1649
AuthorsAbbas, Z., Waqas, M., Khan, S.S., Khatoon, R., Larkin, S. and Zhao, L.
AbstractAbstractLow‐head turbines are becoming an agricultural imperative due to their high efficiency, low cost, ability to operate at low flow rates and minimal environmental impact. Therefore, the Archimedes screw turbine (AST) can play a leading role for producing electric power, especially in Pakistan's rural areas where most of the places have less than 1 m head. In this research work, performance evaluation of AST was carried out at different flow velocities in terms of power coefficient and torque generated. Design parameters such as blade width, blade pitches, and blade rotational angles are also used for performance evaluation. For this purpose, computational fluid dynamic (CFD) analyses of AST blades were conducted at different water flow velocities (e.g., 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, and 3.5 m/s). ANSYS FLUENT was used for AST blade simulations using three different design parameters such as blade width, blade pitch, and blade rotational angles. Additionally, CFD simulations have inherent errors and uncertainties that may lead to findings and deviations from their exact or real values. To prevent these uncertainties and errors, an experimental study was also conducted to provide validation for the CFD simulation results. The results revealed from CFD simulations for optimized design parameters were then compared with experimental data. From the results, it was examined that the numerical findings were in good agreement with the experiment data. The highest power coefficient and power output values were obtained under optimized design parameters such as inner and outer diameter, blade pitch, blade width, blade rotation angles and shaft length (e.g., 40 mm, 120 mm, 130 mm, 2 mm, 60°, and 850 mm respectively). The findings can be useful to implement the AST unit for those places where the available water head is ranging from 1 to 6.5 m and a flow rate of 0.2–6.5 m3/s, especially for rural areas of Pakistan.
KeywordsGeneral Energy; Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Year2023
JournalEnergy Science & Engineering
PublisherWiley
ISSN2050-0505
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1002/ese3.1649
Publication dates
Online19 Dec 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted04 Dec 2023
Deposited29 Jan 2024
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/96385

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