Techno-Economic Analysis of State-of-the-Art Carbon Capture Technologies and Their Applications: Scient Metric Review

Journal article


Adam, R. and Ozarisoy, B. (2023). Techno-Economic Analysis of State-of-the-Art Carbon Capture Technologies and Their Applications: Scient Metric Review. Encyclopedia. 3 (4), pp. 1270-1305. https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia3040092
AuthorsAdam, R. and Ozarisoy, B.
Abstract

Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are a serious hazard to human life and the ecosystem. This is the reason that many measures have been put in place by the International Energy Agency (IEA) to re-duce the anthropogenic-derived CO2 concentration in the atmosphere. Today, the potential of re-newable energy sources has led to an increased interest in investment in carbon capture and stor-age technologies worldwide. The aim of this paper is to investigate state-of-the-art carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies and their derivations for the identification of effective methods during the implementation of evidence-based energy policies. To this extent, this study reviews the current methods in three concepts: post-combustion; pre-combustion; and oxy-fuel combustion processes. The objective of this study is to explore the knowledge gap in recent carbon capture methods and provide a comparison between the most influential methods with high potential to aid in carbon capture. The study presents the importance of using all available technologies during the post-combustion process. To accomplish this, an ontological approach was adopted to analyze the feasibility of the CCS technologies available on the market. The study findings demonstrate that priority should be given to the applicability of certain methods for both industrial and do-mestic applications. On the contrary, the study also suggests that using the post-combustion method has the greatest potential, whereas other studies recommend the efficiency of the oxy-fuel process. Furthermore, the study findings also highlight the importance of using life cycle assess-ment (LCA) methods for the implementation of carbon capture technologies in buildings. This study contributes to the energy policy design related to carbon capture technologies in buildings.

Keywordsadsorption; carbon capture methods; incineration; oxy-fuel combustion; post- combustion technologies
Year2023
JournalEncyclopedia
Journal citation3 (4), pp. 1270-1305
PublisherMDPI
ISSN2673-8392
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia3040092
Web address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2673-8392/3/4/92
Publication dates
Print12 Oct 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted19 Sep 2023
Deposited14 Oct 2023
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Open
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